Ann C. Hodges
Professor of Law
Courses Taught Employment Law Labor Law Alternative Dispute Resolution in the Workplace Employment discrimination Employment Lawyering Constitutional and Statutory Law of Public Employment Nonprofit Organizations

Professor Ann Hodges teaches and writes in the areas of labor and employment law, feminist legal theory, and nonprofit organizations. She is the co-author of West’s Principles of Employment Law and West’s Public Sector Employment: Cases and Materials and has written over two dozen articles, and numerous book chapters, on labor and employment related topics. Professor Hodges has served on the editorial board of the Employee Rights and Employment Policy Journal since 1996. She has been a member of the Labor Law Group, an invitation-only nonprofit organization for scholars and practitioners dedicated to producing high-quality materials to prepare students to practice labor and employment law, since 2007, and has served on its Editorial Committee since 2011. She is a frequent speaker at national symposiums on employment and labor law, and has made numerous presentations to academics, practitioners, nonprofit organizations, health care professionals, and cancer patients and their families. She is co-founder of the Legal Information Network for Cancer (LINC), a nonprofit organization that assists cancer patients and their families with the business side of cancer. Professor Hodges received the University of Richmond's Distinguished Educator Award in 1995 and again in 2009, and received the Black Law Students Association’s Willie L. Moore Award in 2006.

2014 Elizabeth H. Beckman Award
Webinar Presentation: "Before You Say 'Yes" to Serving on a Board, Know What Is Expected: Part 2 - Ethical Duties of Attorneys," Virginia State Bar (Oct. 2014).
Consultant: Administrative Conference of the United States. 1993-95.
Co-Founder: Legal Information Network for Cancer, a non-profit, community-based organization dedicated to helping people with cancer and their families deal with the business side of cancer.
Bar Admissions
Supreme Court of Illinois
United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit
United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois
Professional Experience
Professor of Law (1994-present)
University of Richmond School of Law, Richmond, Va.
Associate Professor of Law (1991-1994)
University of Richmond School of Law, Richmond, Va.
Assistant Professor of Law (1988-1991)
University of Richmond School of Law, Richmond, Va.
Attorney (1981-1988)
Katz, Friedman, et. al., Chicago, Ill.
Field Examiner (1974-1978)
National Labor Relations Board, Peoria, Ill.

Public Sector Employment: Cases and Materials (West 2d ed. 2011) (with Martin Malin and Joseph Slater).

Principles of Employment Law (ThomsonWest 2009) (with Rafael Gely, Peggie Smith and Susan Stabile).


Trilogy Redux: Using Arbitration to Rebuild the Labor Movement, 98 Minn. L. Rev. 1682 (2014). [Journal] [SSRN] [L] [W]

Maintaining Union Resources in an Era of Public Sector Bargaining Retrenchment, 16 Emp. Rts. & Emp. Pol'y J. 599 (2013). [L] [W]

Union Dues in the Public Sector: Legislative Changes and Legal Challenges, Ill. Pub. Emp. Rel. Rep., Vol. 30, Issue 2 (2013).

Using Experiential Education to Develop Human Resources for the Nonprofit Community: A Course Study Analysis, 6 Drexel L. Rev. 47 (2013). [Journal] [SSRN] [W] [HEIN]

The Sheathed Sword: Public-Sector Union Efficacy in Non-bargaining States, 27 ABA J. Lab. & Emp. L. 275 (2012) (with William Warwick). [W]

Southern Solutions for Wisconsin Woes, 43 U. Tol. L. Rev. 633 (2012). [SSRN] [L] [W] [HEIN]

Avoiding Legal Seduction: Reinvigorating the Labor Movement to Balance Corporate Power, 94 Marq. L. Rev. 889 (2011). [Journal] [L] [W] [HEIN]

Fallout From 14 Penn Plaza v. Pyett: Fractured Arbitration Systems in the Unionized Workplace, 2010 J. Disp. Resol. 19. [L] [W] [HEIN]

Lessons From the Laboratory: The Polar Opposites on the Public Sector Labor Law Spectrum, 18 Cornell J.L. & Pub. Pol'y 735 (2009). [Journal] [L] [W] [HEIN]

The Electronic Workplace, 12 Emp. Rts. & Emp. Pol'y J. 1 (2008) (with L. Camille Hebert). [L] [W]

Pending Cases at the NLRB: The Implications for Employers and Unions, Views and Visions, pp. 14-17, Winter 2007. [online]

The Limits of Multiple Rights and Remedies: A Call for Revisiting the Law of the Workplace, in Discrimination At Workplace: A Critical Study (The Icfai University Press, 2007) (reprinted from 22 Hofstra Lab. & Emp. L.J. 601). [Journal] [SSRN] [L] [W] [HEIN]

2007 Professors' Update to Grodin, Malin & Weisberger's Public Sector Employment: Cases and Materials (with Martin H. Malin and Joseph E. Slater).

Strategies for Combating Sexual Harassment: The Role of Labor Unions, 15 Tex. J. Women & L. 183 (2006). [L] [W] [HEIN]

Fulfilling the Promise of the National Labor Relations Act: A Review of Taking Back the Workers Law, 57 Lab. L. J. 176 (2006).

Bargaining for Privacy in the Unionized Workplace, 22 Int'l J. Comp. Lab. L. & Indus. Rel. 147 (2006).

The Limits of Multiple Rights and Remedies: A Call for Revisiting the Law of the Workplace, The 40th Anniversary of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 Symposium, 22 Hofstra Lab. & Emp. L.J. 601 (2005). [Journal] [SSRN] [L] [W] [HEIN]

Bargaining for Privacy in the Unionized Workplace, Workplace Privacy: Here and Abroad, Proceedings of New York University 58th Annual Conference on Labor (Kluwer Legal International, 2005).

The Business Fallout from the Rapid Obsolescence and Planned Obsolescence of High-tech Products: Downsizing of Noncompetition Agreements, 6 Colum. Sci. & Tech. L. Rev. 3 (2004-2005) (with Porcher L. Taylor, III). [Journal] [L] [W]


Union Representation in Employment Arbitration, in Beyond Elite Law: Access to Civil Justice for Americans of Average Means (Samuel Estreicher & Joy Radice eds., Cambridge Univ. Press, forthcoming 2014).

Speech of Government Employees, in Encyclopedia of American Civil Liberties (Routledge 2007).

Matters of Public Concern Standard in Free Speech Cases, in Encyclopedia of American Civil Liberties (Routledge 2007).

Disciplining Public Employees for Expressive Activity, in Encyclopedia of American Civil Liberties (Routledge 2007).

In the News

Wal-Mart, known for low pay, to raise wages to at least $10 an hour (Dallas Morning News)
Fri., Feb. 20, 2015

UAW Creates Local At VW Plant To Stay Relevant (Law360)
Thu., Jul. 10, 2014

Harris v. Quinn: What Happened and What Didn't-Yet (American Constitution Society)
Mon., Jun. 30, 2014

Student or employee? (Virginia Business)
Sat., Jun. 28, 2014

Repeating History: The Naïve Belief that Eliminating Teacher Tenure Will Improve Education For Low Income Students (American Constitution Society)
Fri., Jun. 13, 2014

Even UAW Supporters Puzzled Over Why The Union Pulled Its Challenge To Volkswagen Vote (Nashville Public Radio)
Mon., Apr. 21, 2014

College players union approved (Richmond Times-Dispatch)
Thu., Mar. 27, 2014

UAW faced tough sell with satisfied Volkswagen workers (Detroit Free Press)
Sun., Feb. 16, 2014

Fast-food strikes return amid push for wage hikes (Richmond Times-Dispatch)
Fri., Dec. 6, 2013

Church Credit Cards: Picking a Card & Accepting Donations (CardHub)
Thu., Sep. 19, 2013

Fast-Food Worker Strikes Herald New Organizing Model (Law360)
Fri., Aug. 23, 2013

It's official: Richard Cordray is confirmed as nation's top consumer-credit watchdog (
Tue., Jul. 16, 2013

Strike and You're Out: The Supreme Court's Destruction of the Right to Strike (ZNet)
Fri., May. 17, 2013

Records describe fatal accident at Hampton manufacturing plant (Daily Press [Newport News, Va.],
Sat., May. 4, 2013

California union files fresh eavesdropping complaint against APM (Daily Press [Newport News, Va.],
Tue., Feb. 12, 2013

Fledgling shipyard union effort at odds with Huntington Ingalls (Daily Press [Newport News, Va.],
Sat., Jan. 19, 2013

Last chance for Hostess Brands: Mediation (CNN Money)
Tue., Nov. 20, 2012

Are churches following the law when it comes to politics? (WTVR-TV)
Wed., Oct. 17, 2012

Employer Requests for Passwords on the Rise (The Heartland Institute)
Fri., May. 11, 2012

A new era for noncompetes (Virginia Business)
Sat., Jan. 28, 2012

B.S., University of North Carolina 1973
M.A., University of Illinois 1974
J.D., Northwestern University 1981
Contact Information
(804) 289-8909
(804) 289-8683 (Fax)
Areas of Expertise
Labor and Employment Law
Nonprofit Organizations
Feminist Legal Theory