Richmond Home

Legal Essay Contest Catalog

The T.C. Williams Legal Essay Contest Catalog is the Web's largest collection of writing competitions for law students. Essay contents provide students with opportunities to display the exceptional legal research, analysis, and composition skills honed here at the University of Richmond School of Law.

*Only currently active competitions are displayed*

Recently Added

Virginia State Bar Family Law Section Law Student Writing Competition

Competition Website: students/essay-catalog-resources/file-resources/VSB Family Law Writing Competition Announcement.pdf

Sponsor: Virginia State Bar Family Law SectionCompetition Sponsor

Deadline: November 1, 2017

Essay Topic: Entries can be on any aspect of Virginia family law, and must be no longer than 2,500 words.

Prize Information:

The author of the winning article will also receive a plaque from the Section commemorating the achievement, which will be presented at the Virginia State Bar Annual Advanced Family Law Seminar in Richmond.

Notes: For more information see the official contest flyer HERE.

American College of Consumer Financial Services Lawyers Writing Competition

Competition Website: http://www.accfsl.org/writing-competition/

Sponsor: American College of Consumer Financial Services Lawyers

Deadline: December 1, 2017

Essay Topic: Eligible entries must discuss some aspect of consumer financial services law. Topics that relate principally to securities regulation, insurance, or the safety and soundness aspects of banking regulation are not eligible, but works on subjects within these (or other) areas will be considered if they bear directly on consumer financial services.

Prize Information:

Prize depends on particular work submitted.

Each year The American College of Consumer Financial Services Lawyers seeks to recognize written contributions to the field of consumer financial services law. Eligible papers include publishable articles, substantial book reviews, or book chapters; books; and student case note or comment. In any year, depending on the quality of the submissions, awards may be made in all or some of these three categories.

Books - $2,500

Articles, Review, Book Chapters - $2,000

Student Papers - $1,000

Plus travel expenses to attend the College's annual dinner held in conjunction with the Spring Meeting of the Business Law Section of the American Bar Association.

Notes:

The deadline for entry is December 1, 2016, and entries are eligible if they have been written or published within the twelve months preceding that date. Unpublished manuscripts should be double-spaced and conform to law review standards. All entries should be submitted in electronic format.

For more information go HERE.

Smith- Babcock-Williams Student Writing Competition

Competition Website: https://www.planning.org/divisions/planningandlaw/writingcompetition/

Sponsor: Planning & Law Division of the American Planning Association

Deadline: June 5, 2017

Essay Topic: Entries should demonstrate original thought on a question of significance in either city planning or associated areas of law (e.g., land use, local government or environmental law) and will be evaluated based on: (1) originality; (2) contribution to the understanding or development of the fields of planning and law; (3) quality of scholarship; and (4) quality and organization of writing.

Prize Information:

1st Place: $2,000 and will be submitted for publication in The Urban Lawyer, the law journal of the American Bar Association's Section of State & Local Government Law.

2nd Place: $400

3rd Place: $100

Notes: For submission guidelines and full contest rules please see the contest website HERE.

Robert C. Watson Award

Competition Website: http://www.aipla.org/resources2/programs/Pages/Robert-C.-Watson-Award.aspx

Sponsor: American Intellectual Property Law Association

Deadline: June 30, 2017

Essay Topic: Law students are encouraged to submit an article on an IP topic, written on or before June 30, 2017. Judges will consider the merit of the article as a contribution to the knowledge respecting intellectual property and the extent to which it displays original and creative thought or information not previously written or published by the author prior to July 1, 2016

Prize Information:

First Prize $1,000

Notes:

To be eligible for consideration, articles must be:

  • Written solely by a full-time law student (day or evening)
  • Emailed and received by AIPLA on or before June 30, 2017
  • Approximately 10 law review pages including footnotes (30-40 typed pages)
  • Please submit 1 copy (pdf format preferred) to wastsonaward@aipla.org
  • Accompanied by the writer’s name, current address, phone number, e-mail address and employment information if appropriate

Browse All Contests

May 2017

ABA Domestic & Sexual Violence Annual Law Student Writing Competition
Accounting & Law$0 to $299May 2017

Competition Website: http://www.americanbar.org/groups/domestic_violence/awards/14th_annual_writing_competition.html

Sponsor: ABA Commission on Domestic & Sexual Violence

Deadline: May 19, 2017

Essay Topic: Submissions must further the legal needs of victims of domestic and sexual violence or their children, or advance efforts to address the incidence, causes and effects of intimate partner violence.

Prize Information:

1st Place: National recognition from the ABA Commission on Domestic & Sexual Violence, $500 honorarium, publication in the American University Journal of Gender, Social Policy & the Law, and national publicity via our website and social media.

2nd Place: National recognition from the ABA Commission on Domestic & Sexual Violence and national publicity via our website and social media.

3rd Place: National recognition from the ABA Commission on Domestic & Sexual Violence and national publicity via our website and social media.

Notes: For submission guidelines and other contest information see the rules HERE.

IDEA 2017 Student Writing Contest
Intellectual Property$300 to $999May 2017

Competition Website: http://law.unh.edu/about/unh-law-publications/idea-journal-franklin-pierce-center-intellectual-property/idea-annual

Sponsor: IDEA®: The Journal of the Franklin Pierce Center For Intellectual Property

Deadline: May 26, 2017

Essay Topic: We are looking for original, publishable papers addressing compelling issues in intellectual property law (patent, trade secret, copyright, trademark, publicity and related antitrust issues).

Prize Information:

1st prize - $500 and publication in IDEA®;
2nd prize - $200 and publication in IDEA®;
3rd prize - A one-year subscription to IDEA®.

Notes:

To be eligible for consideration, the paper must focus on intellectual property law and have been written solely by a student.

For full submission guidelines and contest rules go HERE.

Virginia State Bar Health Section Writing Contest
Health Law$1500 to $1999May 2017

Sponsor: Virginia State Bar Association Health Section

Deadline: May 1, 2017

Essay Topic: Articles must relate to a health law issue or the practice of health law.

Prize Information:

1st Prize: $1,500 and consideration for publication on the Health Law Section’s website and in Virginia Lawyer, the official publication of the VSB.

2nd Prize: $1,000

3rd Prize: $500

Notes:

See contest flyer HERE for full contest rules and submission guidelines.

There is no minimum length, but articles should not exceed 50 pages, including end-notes. Entries must include the student’s name, address, telephone number, law school, expected graduation date, and the following signed statement: “I declare that during the 2016-17 academic year, I was enrolled and in good standing (i) at a Virginia law school, or (ii) at a law school outside Virginia as a Virginia resident. I further declare that this entry was written solely by me while enrolled and in good standing in law school.” The student author’s inclusion of this statement in the transmittal email, together with his or her typed name between two forward slashes (i.e. /Jane M. Doe/) shall constitute a signature for the purpose of the signed statement requirement.

All entries must be sent by email to Sara Heisler at sheisler@vhha.com no later than May 1, 2017. The winner will be announced in May 2017.

National Law Review Law Student Writing Contest
Law & Society$0 to $299May 2017

Competition Website: http://www.natlawreview.com/NLR-law-student-writing-competition

Sponsor: The National Law Review

Deadline: May 31, 2017

Essay Topic: Suggested Topics:  ​Cybersecurity Issues - Major data breaches, EU Privacy Shield, Wearable Devices, Medical Devices Election 2016 Coverage Tax Issues Constitutional Issues - First Amendment, Gun Control Employment Issues - Ban the Box Laws, Minimum Wage, Transgender Accomodations, Age/Sex Discrimination

Prize Information:

The NLR Law Student Writing Competition offers law students the opportunity to submit articles for publication consideration on the NLR Web site.  No entry fee is required. Applicants can submit an unlimited number of entries each month.

  • Winning submissions will be published according to specified dates.

  • Entries will be judged and the top two to four articles chosen will be published on the NLR website.

  • Each winning article will be displayed accompanied by the student’s photo, biography, contact information, law school logo, and any copyright disclosure.

  • All winning articles will remain in the NLR database for two years (subject to earlier removal upon request of the law school).

Articles will be judged by NLR staff members on the basis of readability, clarity, organization, and timeliness. Tone should be authoritative, but not overly formal. Ideally, articles should be straightforward and practical, containing useful information of interest to legal and business professionals.

Notes: For full submission guidelines and requirements go HERE.

Justice Rudolph Hargrave Writing Competition
Native American Law$1500 to $1999May 2017

Competition Website: http://www.thesovereigntysymposium.com/Documents/Hargrave%20prize.pdf

Sponsor: The Sovereignty Symposium XXX

Deadline: May 1, 2017

Essay Topic: We invite papers on any issue concerning Native American law.

Prize Information:

First Prize $1,500
Second Prize: $1,000
Third Prize: $750.00

Notes:

For full submission guidelines and information see the official contest flyer HERE.

2017 Paul Faherty Tax Writing Competition
Tax Law$3000 to $3999May 2017

Competition Website: http://www.jmls.edu/academics/taxeb/writing-competition.php

Sponsor: John Marshall Law School

Deadline: May 16, 2017

Essay Topic: The scope of permissible topics for the writing competition is broad—any aspect of tax law is acceptable. Students are encouraged to submit: a paper addressing: a public policy issue, a critique of a leading case or doctrine, a comment on a statute or the need for statutory modification, or a comment on a common law doctrine

Prize Information:

1st Prize: $3,000

Two (2) Honerable mention papers: $1,000 each

The winning paper will also be posted on the website of The John Marshall Law School Center for Tax Law & Employee Benefits and excerpted in an upcoming issue of the Center's TaxEB InBrief magazine.

Notes:

For full contest information and submission guidelines see the official contest flyer HERE.

(Dates on flyer are incorrect but contest IS running for 2017)

Gellhorn-Sargentich Law Student Essay Competition
Administrative Law$5000 or moreMay 2017

Competition Website: https://www.americanbar.org/content/dam/aba/administrative/administrative_law/2017_aba_adminlaw_law_student_essay_award.authcheckdam.pdf

Sponsor: ABA Section of Administrative Law and Regulatory Practice

Deadline: May 1, 2017

Essay Topic: Discuss any topic relating to administrative law.

Prize Information:

Prize: $5,000

The winner will also receive round-trip airfare and accommodation to attend the Section's Fall Conference in Washington, DC. At the discretion of the Section and the respective editorial boards, the winning entry may be selected for publication in the Administrative and Regulatory Law News and/or the Administrative Law Review.

Notes:

Eligibility:

The competition is open to currently enrolled students of ABA-accredited law schools who are also members of the ABA Section of Administrative Law and Regulatory Practice. Submissions can include papers submitted for a law school course, law review notes and comments, or pieces written specifically for the competition. Essays must be the work of the submitting student without substantial editorial input from others. Co-authored papers are ineligible. Only one essay may be submitted per entrant.

For more information and submission guidelines see the official contest flyer here.

International Association of Defense Counsel Legal Writing Contest
Civil Litigation$2000 to $2499May 2017

Competition Website: http://www.iadclaw.org/publications-news/publications/Legal-Writing-Contest/#About%20Legal%20Writing%20Contest

Sponsor: International Association of Defense Counsel

Deadline: May 19, 2017

Essay Topic: The International Association of Defense Counsel invites you to participate in its 2017 Legal Writing Contest. The IADC is a professional association that has been serving an invitation-only membershi of international corporate and insurance civil defense lawyers since 1920. Prize-winning articles and honorable mentions will be considered for publication in the Defense Counsel Journal, the IADC's quarterly academic publication that reaches a broad legal audience from around the world. Subject Matter: Entries must be submitted in the English language on a subject of practical concern to lawyers engaged in the defense or management of the defense of civil litigation, such as relevant aspects of tort law, insurance law, civil procedure, evidence, damages, alternative dispute resolution procedures, and professional ethics.

Prize Information:

1st Place: $2,000

2nd Place: $1,000

3rd Place: $500

Honorary mentions receive no monetary awards.

Authors of monetary award articles and of those awarded honorable mention will receive commemorative plaques, and their articles will be made available for publication in Defense Counsel Journal, IADC's quarterly law review. At the time of submission, entrants must execute the assignment of copyright in the entry certificate. IADC will copyright articles published in Defense Counsel Journal, but release the copyright assignment back to entrants whose works are not published. Acceptance for publication in any publication other than Defense Counsel Journal prior to notice to the author of an award in this contest will disqualify the entry. Entrants are expected to notify IADC promptly of such prior acceptance by another publication.

Notes: For full contest rules and submission guidelines go HERE.

Chief Justice John B. Doolin Writing Competition
Native American Law$300 to $999May 2017

Competition Website: http://www.thesovereigntysymposium.com/scholarships.aspx

Sponsor: Supreme Court of Oklahoma and the Sovereignty Symposium, Inc.

Deadline: May 1, 2017

Essay Topic: The subject matter of the paper may be on any area of the law relating to Native Americans or other indigenous peoples.

Prize Information:

1st Prize: $750.00

2nd Prize: $500.00

3rd Prize: $250.00

The winning entry will also be published in the 2016 Symposium compendium of materials.  Second and third place entries will be published if space permits. 

Notes:

The entries in the writing competition must be not less than thirty (30) single-spaced pages nor more than fifty (50) single-spaced pages in length. The paper used shall be 8-1/2" x 11" in size. The title of the paper, the name of the author and a current mailing address and telephone number must be placed on the cover page. Only the title of the paper should appear at the top of the first page of the text. The author's name should appear on the cover page only. Papers must be submitted in Word or Word Perfect format. E-mail the formatted version to kyle.shifflett@oscn.net. Use a 12-point font in Times New Roman format. Again, the document should be single spaced. The left and right margins must be 2"; the top and bottom margins must be 1/5".

Papers are evaluated for: Timelines of Subject; Originality; Legal Analysis; Use of Authority; Creativity; Strength and Logic of Conclusions; Grammar; Punctuation and Writing Style.

Entries must be received no later than May 1, 2017. Publication releases will be required prior to payment of prize money. Email entries to e-mail kyle.shifflet@oscn.net.

For more information see the contest website HERE.

Intellectual Property Law Student Writing Competition
Intellectual Property$5000 or moreMay 2017

Sponsor: Virginia State Bar Intellectual Property Law Section

Deadline: May 26, 2017

Essay Topic: Articles must relate to an intellectual property law issue or the practice of intellectual property law. Preference may be given to topics demonstrating particular relevance to contemporary events, addressing unsettled issues of law, or presenting novel and unique perspectives.

Prize Information:

1st Prize $5,000

The IP Section may also award a Second Place prize of $2,500 in its discretion.

Notes:

For more information, rules and submission guidelins go HERE.

The winner will be announced no earlier than August 17, 2017 and no later than September 22, 2017.

No article submitted as an entry in this competition may be published in any other forum until the competition has ended and the winner has been announced. After that time, articles submitted but not selected as the winning article may be published without limitation.

June 2017

Smith- Babcock-Williams Student Writing Competition
Property Law$2000 to $2499June 2017

Competition Website: https://www.planning.org/divisions/planningandlaw/writingcompetition/

Sponsor: Planning & Law Division of the American Planning Association

Deadline: June 5, 2017

Essay Topic: Entries should demonstrate original thought on a question of significance in either city planning or associated areas of law (e.g., land use, local government or environmental law) and will be evaluated based on: (1) originality; (2) contribution to the understanding or development of the fields of planning and law; (3) quality of scholarship; and (4) quality and organization of writing.

Prize Information:

1st Place: $2,000 and will be submitted for publication in The Urban Lawyer, the law journal of the American Bar Association's Section of State & Local Government Law.

2nd Place: $400

3rd Place: $100

Notes: For submission guidelines and full contest rules please see the contest website HERE.

Robert C. Watson Award
Intellectual Property$2000 to $2499June 2017

Competition Website: http://www.aipla.org/resources2/programs/Pages/Robert-C.-Watson-Award.aspx

Sponsor: American Intellectual Property Law Association

Deadline: June 30, 2017

Essay Topic: Law students are encouraged to submit an article on an IP topic, written on or before June 30, 2017. Judges will consider the merit of the article as a contribution to the knowledge respecting intellectual property and the extent to which it displays original and creative thought or information not previously written or published by the author prior to July 1, 2016

Prize Information:

First Prize $1,000

Notes:

To be eligible for consideration, articles must be:

  • Written solely by a full-time law student (day or evening)
  • Emailed and received by AIPLA on or before June 30, 2017
  • Approximately 10 law review pages including footnotes (30-40 typed pages)
  • Please submit 1 copy (pdf format preferred) to wastsonaward@aipla.org
  • Accompanied by the writer’s name, current address, phone number, e-mail address and employment information if appropriate

CSCHS Selma Moidel Smith Law Student Writing Competition
Legal History, Rare Law Books, Legal Arc$2500 to $2999June 2017

Competition Website: http://www.cschs.org/programs/student-writings/

Sponsor: The California Supreme Court Historical Society

Deadline: June 30, 2017

Essay Topic: Original, unpublished scholarly writing on any aspect of California legal history, ranging from the Supreme Court itself, and its justices and decisions, to local events of legal historical importance—including biography, significant cases, independent state interpretation, the California Constitution, and reorganization of the court system, as well as areas of law such as criminal law, civil rights, family law, tort liability, environmental law, and taxation—in any time period from 1846 to the present.

Prize Information:

1st Prize: $2,500
2nd Prize: $500
3rd Prize: $250

with possible publication in the journal.

Notes: For full contest rules and submission guidelines see the official flyer HERE.

Mary Moers Wenig Student Writing Competition
Wills & Trusts$5000 or moreJune 2017

Competition Website: http://actecfoundation.org/mary-moers-wenig-student-writing-competition/mary-moers-wenig-official-rules-2016/

Sponsor: American College of Trust and Estate Counsel

Deadline: June 15, 2017

Essay Topic: Area and Topics: The paper must relate to the area of trusts and estates, broadly defined. Any one or more of the following topics are appropriate for discussion: Business Planning Charitable Planning Elder Law Employee Benefits Fiduciary Accounting Fiduciary Administration Fiduciary Income Taxation Fiduciary Litigation Estate Planning and Drafting Professional Responsibility Substantive Laws for the Gratuitous Transmission of Property Wealth Transfer Taxation (Estate, Gift and GST Tax)

Prize Information:

1st Prize: $5,000 and publication in the ACTEC Law Journal.

2nd Prize: $3,000 online publication on ACTEC’s website, and possible publication in the ACTEC Law Journal

3rd Prize: $1,000 online publication on ACTEC’s website, and possible publication in the ACTEC Law Journal.

Notes:

For full contest information and submission guidelines see the website HERE.

NOTE: The contest says 2016 but submissions are on a rolling basis and they are running a contest in 2017.

The College of Labor and Employment Lawyers and American Bar Association Section of Labor and Employment Law Annual Law Student Writing Competition
Labor & Employment Law$3000 to $3999June 2017

Competition Website: http://www.laborandemploymentcollege.org/images/pdfs/WRITINGCOMPETITIONRULES2016-2017.pdf

Sponsor: The College of Labor and Employment Lawyers and American Bar Association Section of Labor and Employment Law

Deadline: June 15, 2017

Essay Topic: Entries should address aspects of public or private sector labor and/or employment law relevant to the American labor and employment bar. Students are encouraged to discuss a public policy issue, practical implications of a leading case or doctrine, a statute or the need for statutory modification, or a common law doctrine. Articles may address U.S. law, international law of relevance to U.S. labor and employment attorneys, or how a legal topic is treated in states across the country. Papers limited to the law of a single state will not be considered. Papers must be analytical in nature, not merely a summary of the law. Students must present and discuss competing points of view with respect to the issue addressed and must distinguish their conclusions from opposing positions with sound logic and reference to multiple primary and secondary sources. We discourage students from writing articles about recent a Supreme Court decision or a case pending before the Supreme Court unless the article focuses upon case law or statutory developments subsequent to the Supreme Court’s decision.

Prize Information:

First Place: $3000

The first place winning article will be published in the ABA Journal of Labor & Employment Law. In addition, the author will be a guest at the annual CLE program of the ABA Section of Labor and Employment Law and honored at the Annual Induction Dinner of the College of Labor and Employment Lawyers.

Second Place: $1000

Third Place: $500

Notes:

For full contest guidelines and submission details please go to the contest posting HERE.

Students are strongly encouraged to confer or consult with a labor or employment law professor or practitioner on topic selection and in the formation of arguments presented in the paper.  However, manuscripts must be the original work of a single author, may not have been written for paid employment, and may not have been submitted for publication elsewhere. 

Robert T. Matsui Annual Writing Competition
Asian Pacific American Law$1500 to $1999June 2017

Competition Website: http://www.aefdc.com/matsui-writing-competition/

Sponsor: Asian Pacific American Bar Association Educational Fund (AEF)

Deadline: June 1, 2017

Essay Topic: Through this writing competition, AEF seeks to encourage legal scholarship on issues of importance to the Asian Pacific legal community and, more generally, the publication of law review articles on topics of relevance to racial and ethnic minorities and the law.

Prize Information: The winner of the 2017 Competition will receive a monetary award of $1,500, and the winning entry will be published by the UCLA School of Law's Asian Pacific American Law Journal.

Notes:

Submissions for the 2017 Competition must be received by June 1, 2017.


For additional information go HERE.

Thirteenth Annual Employee Benefits Writing Competition
Labor & Employment Law$1500 to $1999June 2017

Competition Website: https://www.acebc.com/employee-benefits-writing-competition

Sponsor: American College of Employee Benefits Counsel

Deadline: June 1, 2017

Essay Topic: Any topic in the field of employee benefits law.

Prize Information:

Alvin D Lurie Memorial Award: $1,500

Sidney M. Perlstadt Memorial Award: $1,500

Winners will be honored during the College’s annual black tie dinner on October 14, 2017 in San Francisco. They will receive a plaque and an employee benefits treatise published by Bloomberg BNA Books. The winning papers will also be distributed to the Fellows of the American College of Employee Benefits Counsel, experienced attorneys who have made significant contributions to the advancement of the employee benefits field in a wide range of practice settings including law and consulting firms, universities, labor unions, advocacy organizations and government agencies throughout the United States. The College will also use its best efforts to have one or more of the winning papers published in the Benefits Law Journal or another professional or scholarly publication, if deemed suitable by the College's Writing Prize Committee and the editors of the publication.

Notes:

Eligibility/Topics: applicants must be enrolled full-time or part-time in law school between August 15, 2015 and August 15, 2016 and seeking a J.D. or a graduate law degree (e.g., L.L.M. or S.J.D.). Papers must deal with
employee benefits topics. As an illustrative example, a paper might address legal issues involving health benefits, pensions, 401(k) plans, severance, executive compensation, claims, appeals, current or former spouses’ or domestic partners’ benefits, collectively - bargained benefits, benefits in bankruptcy, ERISA litigation, fiduciary obligations or the tax treatment of benefits/contributions.
Questions concerning the Competition should be directed to Brian Dougherty, Chair of the ACEBC Writing Prize Committee at bdougherty@morganlewis.com.
For full contest rules and submission guidelines see the official flyer HERE.

James Boskey ADR Writing Competition
Alternative Dispute Resolution$1000 to $1499June 2017

Competition Website: http://www.americanbar.org/groups/dispute_resolution/awards_competitions/james_b_boskey_law_student_essay_contest_on_dispute_resolution.html

Sponsor: American Bar Association Section of Deispute Resolution in association with the Saltman Center for Conflict Resolution of UNLV Boyd School of Law and Penn State Dickinson

Deadline: June 16, 2017

Essay Topic: The essay may address any aspect of dispute resolution practice, theory or research that the contestant chooses.

Prize Information:

One competition prize of $1,000 dollars will be awarded for the best entry as judged by the Boskey Essay Committee, comprised of representatives from the ABA Section of Dispute Resolution.

Notes:

Eligibility:

The competition is open to all full and part-time J.D. law students. Employees of the American Bar Association are ineligible to enter the competition. Previously published essays are not eligible. If a student's essay has been accepted for publication, the student must inform the ABA Section of Dispute Resolution at the time of the initial submission to the competition. If the student's essay is accepted for publication after submission to the essay competition but before a decision is reached by the Essay Committee, the student must inform the ABA Section of Dispute Resolution of this acceptance immediately. The ABA shall have the right of first publication of the winning essay.

Authorship:

Each entry shall be the original work of a single individual and constitute an independent subject. The ideas and work reflected by each entry must be the author's own. The author must perform all of the key tasks of identifying the topic, research it, analyzing it, formulating positions and arguments, and writing and revising the paper for himself or herself. The author may inform another of the progress he or she has made in performing these tasks and accept a reasonable amount of responsive advice from academicians or practitioners in the field but the student must avoid undue collaboration. For example, the author may obtain a professor's opinion that a proposed topic is a good choice, or that a detailed outline should be reorganize, or that a first draft unwisely omits to cover a subtopic or to raise and respond to criticisms of the author's premise. The author must limit the amount of such advice sought or received so that the final entry truly reflects the author's own ideas and work and not that of another.

For full contest submission guidelines and rules go HERE.

Larry M. Simonsmeier Award
Pharmacy Law$0 to $299June 2017

Competition Website: http://www.aspl.org/larry-m-simonsmeier-award

Sponsor: American Society for Pharmacy Law

Deadline: June 30, 2017

Essay Topic: ASPL recognizes outstanding scholarship related to Pharmacy Law with the Simonsmeier Award. The Award recognizes an outstanding paper relating to the interests of ASPL published during the prior two years (2014-2016).

Prize Information:

The 2017 Award includes an honorarium plus support for travel to the ASPL Developments in Pharmacy Law Seminar XXVIII in Scottsdale, AZ, November 2-5, 2017.

Notes:

The Award is named in honor of the late Larry Simonsmeier (1944-2009), who was a pharmacist and attorney, professor and dean of Washington State University College of Pharmacy, president of ASPL, and editor of Rx Ipsa Loquitur for more than twenty years.

For full nomination and submission guidelines go HERE.

H. Thomas Austern Memorial Writing Competition
Food and Drug Law$300 to $999June 2017

Competition Website: http://www.fdli.org/resources/academics/h-thomas-austern-memorial-writing-competition

Sponsor: The Food and Drug Law Institute

Deadline: June 12, 2017

Essay Topic: Papers should provide an indepth analysis of a current legal or regulatory issue concerning FDA regulated industries: food, drugs, animal drugs, biologics, cosmetics, diagnostics, dietary supplements, medical devices or tobacco. FDLI welcomes the submission of papers prepared for course work, but entrants must pay attention to competition details and edit such papers accordingly

Prize Information:

1st place - $750

2nd place - $500

3rd place - $250

Winning papers will be considered for publication in the Food and Drug Law Journal.

Notes:

We do accept submissions that have been submitted to other writing contests, however, if you win FDLI’s competition and are chosen to be published in the Food and Drug Law Journal it must be the first publication that includes your article.

Students should register for submission in our online competition portal; all papers must be submitted within the portal.

For full submission guidelines and contest rules go HERE.

2017 Student Writing Competition in Cultural Heritage Preservation Law
Cultural Heritage Law$1000 to $1499June 2017

Competition Website: http://www.culturalheritagelaw.org/competition

Sponsor: The Lawyers' Committee for Cultural Heritage Preservation

Deadline: June 30, 2017

Essay Topic: Papers must address any aspect of cultural heritage law, such as art, terrestrial and submerged cultural property, historic preservation, indigenous peoples, and intangible cultural heritage (but not intellectual property or family law issues, except as they relate to cultural heritage).

Prize Information:

1st Prize: $1,000

2nd Prize: $500

Notes:

To be eligible for consideration, the paper must have been written between June 30, 2016 and June 27, 2017. Papers that have been published or accepted for publication are eligible for consideration as long as the other eligibility and formatting requirements are satisfied.

The competition is open to U.S. law students at law schools approved by the American Bar Association and recent law graduates who were students at the time they wrote their papers. Students enrolled in a JD, LLB, or other first degree program in law at an accredited faculty outside the United States may also participate. Students must be in good standing at their institutions. They are encouraged, but not required, to be a member of the Lawyers' Committee for Cultural Heritage Preservation.

Papers must be the work of one student author alone (joint submissions will not be considered).  Each author may submit only one paper to this year’s competition.

Full full contest information and submission guidelines go HERE.

July 2017

SEAFWA Wildlife Conservation Law Contest
Animal Law$0 to $299July 2017

Competition Website: http://www.seafwa.org/

Sponsor: Competition Sponsor

Deadline: July 31, 2017

Essay Topic: Participants may select their own topic relating to Wildlife Conservation Law or choose from any of the following topics.   Constitutional Issues Relating to State Regulation of Hunting and Fishing   Criminal Law Issues Related to Regulation of Hunting and Fishing   State Sovereign Immunity or Liability for Damages Caused by Wildlife   Privatization of Fish and Wildlife Resources   Regulation of Exotic Wildlife, Wildlife Pets, or Wildlife Trade & Commerce   Issues of Fish and Wildlife Regulation Arising Under the Endangered Species Act, Migratory Bird Treaty Act, Lacey Act, or other Federal Law.

Prize Information:

The winning paper will be published in the proceedings of the 71st Annual SEAFWA Conference at the Galt House Hotel, Louisville, Kentucky October 29-November 1, 2017.

The winner will receive up to $1500 to defray the cost a trip to attend the conference and present the paper.

Notes:

Students who attend an ABA-accredited law school in a SEAFWA state or who are legal residents of a SEAFWA state are eligible to submit papers no later than July 31, 2017, to:

 

David B. Wicker, General Counsel
Kentucky Department of Fish & Wildlife
#1 Sportsman’s Lane
Frankfort, KY 40601
See the official contest flyer HERE.

Founders First Freedom Law Student Writing Competition
Constitutional Law$0 to $299July 2017

Competition Website: http://foundersfirstfreedom.org/announcing-the-2017-law-student-writing-competition/

Sponsor: Founders First Freedom

Deadline: July 23, 2017

Essay Topic: Trinity Lutheran Church applied for Missouri’s Scrap Tire Grant Program so that it could provide a safer playground for children who attend its daycare and for neighborhood children who use the playground after hours–a purely secular matter. But the state denied Trinity’s application solely because it is a church. The Eighth Circuit affirmed that denial by equating a grant to resurface Trinity’s playground using scrap tire material with funding the devotional training of clergy. The Eighth Circuit’s decision was not faithful to this Court’s ruling in Locke v. Davey, 540 U.S. 712 (2004), and deepened an existing circuit conflict. Three lower courts–two courts of appeals and one state supreme court–interpret Locke as justifying the exclusion of religion from a neutral aid program where no valid Establishment Clause concern exists. In contrast, two courts of appeals remain faithful to Locke and the unique historical concerns on which it relied. The question presented is: Whether the exclusion of churches from an otherwise neutral and secular aid program violates the Free Exercise and Equal Protection Clauses when the state has no valid Establishment Clause concern.

Prize Information:

1st Prize: $1,500

2nd Place: $750

Notes: For full contest rules and submission guidelines see the website HERE.

William W. Greenhalgh Student Writing Competition
Criminal Procedure$0 to $299July 2017

Competition Website: http://www.americanbar.org/content/dam/aba/administrative/criminal_justice/greenhalgh_rules.authcheckdam.pdf

Sponsor: Criminal Justice Section of the American Bar Association

Deadline: July 1, 2017

Essay Topic: The Fourth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution guarantees "[t]he right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures.” This provision has become an incredibly powerful protector of privacy since its applicability to the states and the advent of the exclusionary rule. Notwithstanding, the one-sentence amendment is vague and the threshold of reasonableness has been left to the judicial branch for interpretation. This has led to a mountain of case law that may conflict from one jurisdiction to the next, penned by jurists with differing interpretive philosophies. Moreover, we are now amid a new era where the ancient text of the Fourth Amendment has intersected with emerging technology. Technology improves at an exponential rate. With technological innovations comes the potential for law enforcement to develop new “tools” to investigate crimes and arrest those responsible. The Fourth Amendment’s vague mandates are exacerbated when courts are called upon to apply it to perpetually evolving situations and technologies unforeseeable by the original framers. For example, in Kyllo v. United States, 533 U.S. 27 (2001), the Supreme Court held that police use of thermal imaging technology to detect the heat produced by an indoor marijuana grow operation, although deployed from a public street, constituted an illegal search. The Court supported its holding in part by noting that the technology was not in use by the general public—thereby making it reasonable to believe that the indoor activity was free from prying eyes. In United States v. Jones, 132 S. Ct. 945 (2012) the Court held that the Fourth Amendment was violated after law enforcement placed a GPS device on the undercarriage of a vehicle while it was parked in a public parking lot. The device tracked the vehicle for 28 days and gathered information about its movements. The Court looked to the common-law regarding trespass and was bothered that the government’s placement of the device required the physical occupation of private property to obtain the information. Finally—and most recently—the Supreme Court issued its decision in Riley v. California, 134 S. Ct. 2473 (2014) holding it illegal for police to search a cellular phone incident to arrest. The Court was concerned with the extent of information that may now be accessed through a cellular phone given modern smartphone capabilities. The question now seems to be, “What technology is next?” So-called “pole cameras” are utilized by law enforcement to conduct around-the-clock surveillance of— from a public area—the exterior of a suspect’s home. Social media permits law enforcement a means of monitoring an individual’s profile, and therefore one’s activities, at any time, day or night, and from any place in the world with an internet connection. Additionally, aerial drones have become a useful military tool and private hobby alike. These drones may also be employed by law enforcement for investigative purposes. These drones may allow police to surreptitiously get a “closer view”—albeit from a legal vantage point—of activities that would otherwise expose police presence if gathered by a human agent. In light of the above, contestants should address the following questions: 1. How has the emergence of various technologies impacted the “reasonableness” of privacy expectations? Has social media, information technology, and surveillance technology available to the public reduced what one may honestly believe is private”? 2. Those answering “no” should prepare an argument supporting this position. In addition, contestants should anticipate and address foreseeable counter-arguments and attempt to persuasively argue against them. 3. Those answering “yes” should explain why. Likewise, these contestants should also anticipate the arguments that may be raised by the other side and attempt to argue persuasively against them. 4. All contestants should address the “reasonableness” standard and argue whether the advent of new technologies demands a new Fourth Amendment standard to protect citizens’ from police monitoring. If so, what should the standard be? Why? Clear, persuasive and original analytical reasoning that is well-supported with concrete examples and references are essential and will weigh heavily in the determination of the contest winner.

Prize Information:

1st Prize: $2,500 cash prize that may be presented at an agreed-upon CJS event with approved transportation costs not to exceed $800 to be covered by the Section. (The winner is solely responsible for taxes on both the cash prize and reimbursed travel.)

Notes: For full contest guidelines and submission information see the official flyer HERE.

U.S. Court of Federal Claims Bar Association Law Student Writing Competition
Financial Regulation$3000 to $3999July 2017

Competition Website: https://www.cfcbar.org/upload/COFC_Writing_Competition_Rules_2016-17.pdf

Sponsor: The Court of Federal Claims Bar Association (CFCBA)

Deadline: July 14, 2017

Essay Topic: Entries to the contest may discuss any topic that lies within the procedure, substance, or scope of the jurisdiction of the U.S. Court of Federal Claims. The cases before the Court are diverse. They include (but are not limited to) disputes concerning tax refunds, contracts with the government, Fifth Amendment takings (which frequently raise environmental and natural resource issues), federal civilian and military pay, intellectual property (including use by the government or its contractors of technology protected by patents or copyrights), Native American rights, federal procurement "bid protests," and the federal Vaccine Injury Compensation program.

Prize Information:

First Prize $3,500

The winner will receive significant favorable publicity to the U.S. Court of Federal Claims and the members of the Court of Federal Claims Bar Association. It is anticipated that the winning entry will be published on the website of the Association. In addition, the Association may support other publication opportunities, including publication in the Federal Circuit Bar Journal.

Notes: For full contest rules and submission guidelines go HERE.

Tannenwald Writing Competition
Tax Law$5000 or moreJuly 2017

Competition Website: http://www.tannenwald.org/Competition-Rules

Sponsor: The Theodore Tannenwald, Jr. Foundation for Excellence in Tax Scholarship, Inc. and The American College of Tax Counsel

Deadline: July 5, 2017

Essay Topic: Named for the late Tax Court Judge Theodore Tannenwald, Jr., and designed to perpetuate his dedication to legal scholarship of the highest quality, the Tannenwald Writing Competition is open to full or part-time law school students, undergraduate or graduate (L.L.M. or S.J.D.). Papers on any federal or state tax-related topic may be submitted in accordance with the Competition Rules (viewable at www.tannenwald.org).

Prize Information:

1st Prize: $5,000

2nd Prize: $2,500

3rd Prize: $1,500

Provided that the first-prize paper has not been published or accepted for publication elsewhere, the Foundation has arranged for the publication of such paper in The Florida Tax Review (subject to the normal review and editorial processes of that journal).

Appropriate recognition will also be given to the faculty sponsors of winning papers.

Notes:

Official announcement and rules HERE.

Deadline for submitted papers: 9:00 p.m. EDT, July 5, 2017.

Mail papers to: Tannenwald Foundation, 700 Sixth Street, NW, Ste. 700, Washington, DC 20001, Attn: Sandie Kiedrowski.

For more information contact: Nancy Abramowitz at 202-274-4164 (nabramo@wcl.american.edu).

American Inns of Court Warren E. Burger Prize
Legal Ethics$5000 or moreJuly 2017

Competition Website: www.innsofcourt.org

Sponsor: American Inns of Court

Deadline: July 1, 2017

Essay Topic: Authors should address one or more aspects of excellence in legal skills, civility, ethics or professionalism within the legal profession. The selected issue(s) should be of contemporary significance with clear relevance to the legal community at large.

Prize Information:

Winning Prize: $5,000

The winning essay will be published in the South Carolina Law Review and will be presented to the recipient at the American Inns of Court annual Celebration of Excellence at the Supreme Court of the United States

Notes:

For full contest guidelines and submission information see the official contest announcement HERE.

The winning essay will be announced on or before August 31.

Jacques Leroy International Prize in Business & Human Rights
Human Rights Law$1000 to $1499July 2017

Competition Website: http://www.uianet.org/en/content/call-applications-8th-international-jacques-leroy

Sponsor: Union Internationale Des Avocats

Deadline: July 31, 2017

Essay Topic: This year, the Jacques Leroy Prize focuses on natural resource exploitation and respect for human rights. Communities that are rich in natural resources are particularly vulnerable to human rights abuses, due to the conditions under which these resources are sometimes exploited. Natural resource exploitation often causes commercial interests to be given priority over safeguarding the rights of local populations, including with regard to the environment. This exploitation can then lead to corruption, fraud and looting. Military control over areas that are rich in natural resources fuels conflicts, in connection with which major commercial interests are often negotiated. The involvement of international organisations and neighbouring countries further increases the number of stakeholders, and confrontations between them can cause human and environmental disasters. It has become clear that in certain areas, the presence of natural resources is a major cause of escalation of some of the deadliest conflicts. How can companies limit the impacts of natural resource exploitation on the rights of local populations and avoid fuelling conflicts in their relations with the authorities, these populations, and their international partners and subsidiaries?

Prize Information:

Prize: € 1000

plus free registration for the 2016 UIA congress in Toranto (Canada) from October 27 to 31st, 2017. Travel costs and accomodation will be provided, as well as a year's free membership in the UIA for the calendar year following the award of the prize.

Notes:

Send your submission to the UIA (uiacentre@uianet.org) no later than July 31, 2017.

Candidates must send the UIA a file containing the following information:

  • the written entry, which must be between 15,000 and 20,000 characters long; in the form of a trial argument, dissertation, study or commentary on a practical case, based on solid legal reasoning.
  • a summary presentation of the entry in 2,000 characters;
  • a letter introducing the candidate written by one of the candidate's University law professors;
  • proof of enrollment (photocopy of a valid student ID card or a certificate issued by the University);
  • a curriculum vitae

Entries may be written in English, French or Spanish.

The competition is open to all law students under 30 years of age.

George Hutchinson Writing Competition
The Judiciary$3000 to $3999July 2017

Competition Website: https://fedcirbar.org/Portals/0/File%20Manager/Membership/Committees/Hutchinson%20Writing%20Contest/2017%20Hutchinson%20Contest%20Flyer%20and%20Rules%20%28changes%20accepted%29.pdf

Sponsor: Federal Circuit Bar Association

Deadline: July 1, 2017

Essay Topic: Entries to the contest may discuss any topice that lies within the procedure, substance, or scope of the jurisdiction of the Court.

Prize Information:

Prize: $3,000

Second and third place cash prizes may also be awarded at the discretion of the judges.

Winners will be publicly announced at the FCBA’s November 2016 Annual Dinner inWashington, D.C. It is contemplated that the prize-winning paper will be published in theFederal Circuit BarJournal. All decisions of the judges are final.

In addition,the winner will receive significant favorable publicity among all members of FCBA.

Notes:

The competition is open to all law students enrolled in ABA accredited law schools. We permit and encourage students to base their entries on papers that they prepared for law school courses and seminars during the 2016/2017 school year. The competition is open for the entire school year so that papers prepared during the most recent Fall or Spring semester can be eligible.
For full contest guidelines and submission instructions see the official contest flyer HERE.

George Jay Joseph Education Law Writing Award
Education Law$0 to $299July 2017

Competition Website: https://educationlaw.org/ela-award-nominations/george-jay-joseph-award

Sponsor: The Education Law Association in cooperation with the Journal of Law and Education

Deadline: July 1, 2017

Essay Topic: The subject matter must address one or more legal issues within any of the various contexts of education, including public and private K-12 schools and institutions of higher education, especially current and emerging issues in elementary and secondary public education.

Prize Information:

The winner of the competition will be recognized at the Education Law Association's Annual Conference (ELA), and the manuscript will be published in the Journal of Law and Education. Additionally, the winner will be invited to present on the topic of the article at the ELA Annual Conference and receive a commemorative plaque, a year's membership in ELA, waiver of the registration fee for the annual conference, and national recognition via an ELA press release.

Notes:

Works submitted for the competition must not have been previously published and must not be under review elsewhere for publication.

Doctoral dissertations are not eligible. However, manuscripts that synthesize dissertations may be submitted, provided that they meet the specifications.

Format: double-spaced, with 12-point font and one-inch margins, with footnotes on each respective page (rather than at the end) carefully conforming to Blue Book citation style.

Authorship: single-authored by a law student (not LL.M.) or a student in a graduate program in education (not postdoctoral).

Length: between 35 and 55 pages including footnotes.

For submission guidelines go HERE

2017 Animal Law Student Writing Competition
Animal Law$1000 to $1499July 2017

Competition Website: http://www.nysba.org/CustomTemplates/Content.aspx?id=71849

Sponsor: The Committee on Animals and the Law of the New York State Bar Association

Deadline: July 14, 2017

Essay Topic: Law students (which include J.D., L.L.M., Ph.D., and S.J.D. candidates) are invited to submit to the Committee on Animals and the Law an article concerning any area of Animal Law. All submissions will be reviewed by a panel of attorneys and other professionals practicing or otherwise involved in animal law.

Prize Information:

1st Place: $1,000 and a certificate of achievement.

2nd Place: $500 and a certificate of achievement.

Notes: For more information, contest rules and submission guidelines see the contest webpage HERE.

August 2017

Brown Award for Excellence in Legal Writing
Legal Writing$5000 or moreAugust 2017

Competition Website: http://www.brownsims.com/about-brown-sims/affiliations/judge-john-r-brown-award/

Sponsor: The Judge John R. Brown Scholarship Foundation

Deadline: August 18, 2017

Essay Topic: This year there is no page limitation or restriction on the topic except that the writing must be on a legal subject.

Prize Information:

1st Place $10,000

Second Place $5,000
Third Place $3,000
Finalist $1,000
Finalist $1,000

$5,000 to the Scholarship Fund selected by the Dean of the law school in which the First Place candidate is enrolled.

Notes:

Any law student currently enrolled in an accredited law school in the United States seeking a J.D. or LL.B. degree is eligible to receive the Award.

In order to be considered, two copies of a current legal writing must be submitted to the Foundation c/o Kenneth G. Engerrand, Brown Sims, P.C., Tenth Floor, 1177 West Loop South, Houston, Texas 77027-9007. The article must be accompanied by a letter of recommendation from a law school faculty member or legal professional other than the author of the paper. Only one paper may be submitted on behalf of any student and only one paper may be sponsored by any faculty member or legal professional.

For full contest information and submission guidelines go HERE.

September 2017

Bruce M. Stargatt Legal Ethics Writing Competition
Legal Ethics$3000 to $3999September 2017

Competition Website: http://www.delawarebarfoundation.org/stargatt-writing-competition/

Sponsor: Delaware Bar Foundation

Deadline: September 15, 2017

Essay Topic: In keeping with Bruce Stargatt’s keen interest in legal writing and the ethical practice of law, we invite papers concerning ethical issues in the practice of law. Beyond this general description,the precise issue to be dealt with is in the author’s discretion.

Prize Information:

1st Prize: $3000

2nd Prize: $1000

3rd Prize: $500

The first place paper will be published in “Delaware Lawyer” magazine (a publication of the Delaware Bar Foundation, distributed quarterly without charge to all members of the Delaware Bar). The author of the first place paper will be invited to receive his or her prize at the Delaware State Bar Association/Delaware Bar Foundation seminar in Wilmington in Fall 2017. Prizes will not be awarded if the judges determine that no entry meets the appropriate standards.

Notes:

Eligibility: The competition is open to (i) law students (undergraduate or graduate) at, and 2017 graduates of, Delaware Law School, (ii) law students or 2017 law school graduates who graduated from a high school or college in Delaware, and
(iii) law school graduates who have registered for or have taken the 2017 Delaware Bar Examination.
For full rules and submission guidelines see the contest announcement flyer HERE.

James E. Beckley Writing Competition
Securities Arbitration$1000 to $1499September 2017

Competition Website: http://piabafoundation.org/piabe-bar-journal/beckley-competition

Sponsor: Public Investors Arbitration Bar Association (PIABA)

Deadline: September 8, 2017

Essay Topic: The submission may address any aspect of Securities Law; Securities Arbitration; The Federal Arbitration Act, Title 9, US Code, Section 1-14; or FINRA Code of Arbitration, effective April 16, 2007 and any changes or proposed changes to that Code. The writing can be based in theory or practice, but should ultimately advocate a position on the topic area chosen.

Prize Information:

Prize awards:

1st place: $1,000.00

2nd place: $750.00

3rd place: $500.00

Notes:

Eligibility: The competition is open to all students who attend a law school in the United States. Full-time students who are not law students but who write law-related papers as part of a course at an American law school are also eligible. Employees of The PIABA Foundation and PIABA (except for students working less than 20 hours per week) are not eligible to enter the competition.

For full contest information and submission guidelines go HERE.

November 2017

Virginia State Bar Family Law Section Law Student Writing Competition
Family Law$0 to $299November 2017

Competition Website: students/essay-catalog-resources/file-resources/VSB Family Law Writing Competition Announcement.pdf

Sponsor: Virginia State Bar Family Law SectionCompetition Sponsor

Deadline: November 1, 2017

Essay Topic: Entries can be on any aspect of Virginia family law, and must be no longer than 2,500 words.

Prize Information:

The author of the winning article will also receive a plaque from the Section commemorating the achievement, which will be presented at the Virginia State Bar Annual Advanced Family Law Seminar in Richmond.

Notes: For more information see the official contest flyer HERE.

December 2017

American College of Consumer Financial Services Lawyers Writing Competition
Consumer Financial Services Law$1000 to $1499December 2017

Competition Website: http://www.accfsl.org/writing-competition/

Sponsor: American College of Consumer Financial Services Lawyers

Deadline: December 1, 2017

Essay Topic: Eligible entries must discuss some aspect of consumer financial services law. Topics that relate principally to securities regulation, insurance, or the safety and soundness aspects of banking regulation are not eligible, but works on subjects within these (or other) areas will be considered if they bear directly on consumer financial services.

Prize Information:

Prize depends on particular work submitted.

Each year The American College of Consumer Financial Services Lawyers seeks to recognize written contributions to the field of consumer financial services law. Eligible papers include publishable articles, substantial book reviews, or book chapters; books; and student case note or comment. In any year, depending on the quality of the submissions, awards may be made in all or some of these three categories.

Books - $2,500

Articles, Review, Book Chapters - $2,000

Student Papers - $1,000

Plus travel expenses to attend the College's annual dinner held in conjunction with the Spring Meeting of the Business Law Section of the American Bar Association.

Notes:

The deadline for entry is December 1, 2016, and entries are eligible if they have been written or published within the twelve months preceding that date. Unpublished manuscripts should be double-spaced and conform to law review standards. All entries should be submitted in electronic format.

For more information go HERE.


Feedback and Circumscription

The writing competition catalog is produced and maintained by Andrew Frank. The catalog is frequently updated. Students should bookmark this page and check back regularly or subscribe to the RSS feed .rss_image

We invite comments and suggestions for improving this catalog. When submitting essay announcements, please include the URL where essay contest information may be found.


The University of Richmond School of Law Legal Essay Contest Catalog is offered as a public service, without charge, by individuals, members of the University of Richmond School of Law community.

We are committed to excellence in maintaining the catalog, but do so on a purely voluntary basis. Given the constant flux of both essay contest life and locations on the Web, we cannot guarantee that our catalog at all times comprehensively represents either the latest information on each contest or its present location on the Web, but we list for every contest in our catalog persons to contact for confirmation of our information.

Those publishing our catalog have no control over those managing the sites to which the catalog supplies links. Consequently, those publishing the catalog assume no responsibility for the content at the other end of any of its links. From time to time, links are checked or monitored, but those publishing the catalog must depend on its users for notice of inoperative or improper links.