Richmond Home
 Ann C. Hodges
Ann C. Hodges
Professor Emerita
Interim Program Chair, Human Resource Management
Courses Taught Employment Law Labor Law Alternative Dispute Resolution in the Workplace Employment discrimination Employment Lawyering Constitutional and Statutory Law of Public Employment Nonprofit Organizations

Professor Ann Hodges teaches and writes in the areas of labor and employment law, feminist legal theory, and nonprofit organizations. She is the co-author of West’s Principles of Employment Law and West’s Public Sector Employment: Cases and Materials and has written over two dozen articles, and numerous book chapters, on labor and employment related topics. Professor Hodges has served on the editorial board of the Employee Rights and Employment Policy Journal since 1996. She has been a member of the Labor Law Group, an invitation-only nonprofit organization for scholars and practitioners dedicated to producing high-quality materials to prepare students to practice labor and employment law, since 2007, and has served on its Editorial Committee since 2011. She is a frequent speaker at national symposiums on employment and labor law, and has made numerous presentations to academics, practitioners, nonprofit organizations, health care professionals, and cancer patients and their families. She is co-founder of the Legal Information Network for Cancer (LINC), a nonprofit organization that assists cancer patients and their families with the business side of cancer. Professor Hodges received the University of Richmond's Distinguished Educator Award in 1995 and again in 2009, and received the Black Law Students Association’s Willie L. Moore Award in 2006.


2014 Elizabeth H. Beckman Award

Presenter, "Employment Law: Can the Employer Really Do That?," Phase II Orientation Seminar for Newly Appointed District Judges, Federal Judicial Center, Washington, D.C. (Feb. 2019).
Panelist, "Janus: Free Speech Victory or Monumental Misstep?", Free Speech Victory or Monumental Misstep?, Federalist Society, University of Virginia School of Law, Charlottesville, Virginia (Feb. 2019).

Presenter, "Employment Law: Can the Employer Really Do That?" National Workshop for District Judges I, Federal Judicial Center, Washington, D.C. (May 2018).

Moderator, "Sexual Harassment in the Workplace," University of Richmond School of Law (March 2018).
Presenter, "American Workers Under Attack: Janus v. AFSCME," American Constitution Society Webinar (Feb. 2018).

Presenter, "It's NLRB vs. the Courts on Class Action Waivers: Navigating the Unbridgeable Disparity," The Knowledge Group Webinar (Feb. 2017).

Presenter, "The Results Are In! Winning and Losing Trends in Public Sector Employment Law," 46th Annual Conference on Labor Relations and Employment Law, Virginia Bar Association, Richmond (Sept. 2016).

Presenter, "The legal protections that exist (and don't exist) for cancer survivors in the workplace," Ovarian Cancer National Conference, Washington, D.C. (July 2016).

Organizer, "Law, Faith, Justice" Panel Discussion, University of Richmond School of Law (Nov. 2015).

Presenter, American Constitution Society Supreme Court Preview (Sept. 2015).

Webinar Presentation: "Before You Say 'Yes" to Serving on a Board, Know What Is Expected: Part 2 - Ethical Duties of Attorneys," Virginia State Bar (Oct. 2014).

Consultant: Administrative Conference of the United States. 1993-95.
Co-Founder: Legal Information Network for Cancer, a non-profit, community-based organization dedicated to helping people with cancer and their families deal with the business side of cancer.
Bar Admissions
Supreme Court of Illinois
United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit
United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois
Professional Experience
Professor of Law (1994-present)
University of Richmond School of Law, Richmond, Va.
Associate Professor of Law (1991-1994)
University of Richmond School of Law, Richmond, Va.
Assistant Professor of Law (1988-1991)
University of Richmond School of Law, Richmond, Va.
Attorney (1981-1988)
Katz, Friedman, et. al., Chicago, Ill.
Field Examiner (1974-1978)
National Labor Relations Board, Peoria, Ill.

Public Sector Employment: Cases and Materials (3d ed. West 2016) (with Martin H. Malin, Joseph E. Slater & Jeffrey M. Hirsch)

Public Sector Employment: Cases and Materials, (2d ed. Thomson West 2011) (with Martin Malin and Joseph Slater).

Principles of Employment Law (West Academic, 2018 2d ed., 2009) (with Rafael Gely, Peggie Smith and Susan Stabile).


Finding Yourself in Retirement 43 J. Legal Prof. 365 (2019).

Employee Voice in Arbitration, 22 Employee Rts. & Emp’t Pol’y J. 235 (2018).

Modernizing Disability Income for Cancer Survivors, 35 Hofstra Lab. & Emp. L.J. 247 (2018).

Crossing the Thin Blue Line: Protecting Law Enforcement Officers Who Blow the Whistle, 52 U.C. Davis L. Rev. Online (with Justin Pugh) (2018).

Judicial "Amendments" Weaken U.S. Labor Protections, Vol. 24, Issue 2 International Union Rights (2017) (with Ellen Danin).

Imagining U.S. Labor Relations Without Union Security, 28 Employee Responsibilities and Rights Journal 135 (2016).

A Lawyer’s Journey of Worker Advocacy and Faith, 19 Rich. J.L. & Pub. Int. 325 (2016).

Cultural Determinants of Workplace Arbitration in the United States and Italy, 23 Tul. J. Int’l & Comp. L. 37 (2014) (with Maurizio Del Conte).

Union Dues in the Public Sector: Legislative Changes and Legal Challenges, Ill. Pub. Emp. Rel. Rep., Vol. 30, Issue 2 (2013).

The Sheathed Sword: Public-Sector Union Efficacy in Non-bargaining States, 27 ABA J. Lab. & Emp. L. 275 (2012) (with William Warwick). 

Southern Solutions for Wisconsin Woes, 43 U. Tol. L. Rev. 633 (2012). 

The Electronic Workplace, 12 Emp. Rts. & Emp. Pol'y J. 1 (2008) (with L. Camille Hebert). 

Pending Cases at the NLRB: The Implications for Employers and Unions, Views and Visions, pp. 14-17, Winter 2007. [online]

The Limits of Multiple Rights and Remedies: A Call for Revisiting the Law of the Workplace, in Discrimination At Workplace: A Critical Study (The Icfai University Press, 2007) (reprinted from 22 Hofstra Lab. & Emp. L.J. 601). 

2007 Professors' Update to Grodin, Malin & Weisberger's Public Sector Employment: Cases and Materials (with Martin H. Malin and Joseph E. Slater).

Bargaining for Privacy in the Unionized Workplace, 22 Int'l J. Comp. Lab. L. & Indus. Rel. 147 (2006).

Bargaining for Privacy in the Unionized Workplace, Workplace Privacy: Here and Abroad, Proceedings of New York University 58th Annual Conference on Labor (Kluwer Legal International, 2005).


Public Sector Innovations: Valuing Voice, in The Cambridge Handbook of U.S. Labor Law for the Twenty-First Century (Cambridge University Press, 2020).

Union Representation in Employment Arbitration, in Beyond Elite Law: Access to civil Justice in America (Samuel Estreicher & Joy Radice, eds., Cambridge University Press, 2015).

Union Representation in Employment Arbitration, in Beyond Elite Law: Access to Civil Justice for Americans of Average Means (Samuel Estreicher & Joy Radice eds., Cambridge Univ. Press, 2014).

Speech of Government Employees, in Encyclopedia of American Civil Liberties (Routledge 2007).

Matters of Public Concern Standard in Free Speech Cases, in Encyclopedia of American Civil Liberties (Routledge 2007).

Disciplining Public Employees for Expressive Activity, in Encyclopedia of American Civil Liberties (Routledge 2007).

In the News

Considering whether a federal age discrimination law applies to small public agencies (Route Fifty)
Thu., Sep. 27, 2018

When there's no HR: For small companies, sexual harassment can be a big problem (Chesterfield Observer)
Wed., Feb. 28, 2018

The Right is trying to take down public sector unions (The Intercept)
Sun., Feb. 25, 2018

Virginia bill seeks to repeal Jim Crow era wage law (Alt Daily)
Tue., Feb. 6, 2018

Bill seeks to repeal 'racist' wage law (The Washington Post)
Fri., Jan. 19, 2018

Op-ed: Puzder is wrong choice for labor (Richmond Times-Dispatch)
Thu., Feb. 2, 2017

Laughter is good for the soul (Virginia This Morning)
Thu., Nov. 10, 2016

Waving good-bye to class-action waivers? (Human Resource Executive Online)
Sat., Jul. 30, 2016

Supreme Court to weigh public-sector union dues (The Wall Street Journal)
Sun., Jan. 10, 2016

ACS Issue Brief: Friedrichs v. California Teachers Association: The American labor relations system in jeopardy (ACS Blog)
Thu., Nov. 19, 2015

Is the Court poised for the shift to the right? (
Sun., Oct. 4, 2015

US Supreme Court: conservatives set to retake reins after year of liberal wins (The Guardian)
Tue., Sep. 29, 2015

GOP's Walker proposes vast union restrictions (AP via Yahoo Finance)
Mon., Sep. 14, 2015

Symposium: Public-sector unions, labor relations, and free speech (SCOTUSblog)
Tue., Aug. 25, 2015

The Supreme Court should leave well enough alone (The Washington Times)
Tue., Jul. 28, 2015

The future of employment law after the California Uber decision (ACS Blog)
Wed., Jul. 1, 2015

Judge reinstates housing discrimination case (Richmond Times-Dispatch)
Thu., Jun. 4, 2015

El salari mínim dóna nova vida a les protestes laborals dels EUA (Ara, Catalan Newspaper)
Sat., May. 2, 2015

Fight for $15 protests expand for low-wage workers (Associated Press)
Wed., Apr. 15, 2015

Wal-Mart, known for low pay, to raise wages to at least $10 an hour (Dallas Morning News)
Fri., Feb. 20, 2015

UAW Creates Local At VW Plant To Stay Relevant (Law360)
Thu., Jul. 10, 2014

Harris v. Quinn: What Happened and What Didn't-Yet (American Constitution Society)
Mon., Jun. 30, 2014

Student or employee? (Virginia Business)
Sat., Jun. 28, 2014

Repeating History: The Naïve Belief that Eliminating Teacher Tenure Will Improve Education For Low Income Students (American Constitution Society)
Fri., Jun. 13, 2014

Even UAW Supporters Puzzled Over Why The Union Pulled Its Challenge To Volkswagen Vote (Nashville Public Radio)
Mon., Apr. 21, 2014

College players union approved (Richmond Times-Dispatch)
Thu., Mar. 27, 2014

UAW faced tough sell with satisfied Volkswagen workers (Detroit Free Press)
Sun., Feb. 16, 2014

Fast-food strikes return amid push for wage hikes (Richmond Times-Dispatch)
Fri., Dec. 6, 2013

Church Credit Cards: Picking a Card & Accepting Donations (CardHub)
Thu., Sep. 19, 2013

Fast-Food Worker Strikes Herald New Organizing Model (Law360)
Fri., Aug. 23, 2013

It's official: Richard Cordray is confirmed as nation's top consumer-credit watchdog (
Tue., Jul. 16, 2013

Strike and You're Out: The Supreme Court's Destruction of the Right to Strike (ZNet)
Fri., May. 17, 2013

Records describe fatal accident at Hampton manufacturing plant (Daily Press [Newport News, Va.],
Sat., May. 4, 2013

California union files fresh eavesdropping complaint against APM (Daily Press [Newport News, Va.],
Tue., Feb. 12, 2013

Fledgling shipyard union effort at odds with Huntington Ingalls (Daily Press [Newport News, Va.],
Sat., Jan. 19, 2013

Last chance for Hostess Brands: Mediation (CNN Money)
Tue., Nov. 20, 2012

Are churches following the law when it comes to politics? (WTVR-TV)
Wed., Oct. 17, 2012

Employer Requests for Passwords on the Rise (The Heartland Institute)
Fri., May. 11, 2012

A new era for noncompetes (Virginia Business)
Sat., Jan. 28, 2012

B.S., University of North Carolina 1973
M.A., University of Illinois 1974
J.D., Northwestern University 1981
Contact Information
Room 321, Law School
(804) 289-8909
(804) 289-8992 (Fax)
Areas of Expertise
Labor and Employment Law
Nonprofit Organizations
Feminist Legal Theory