First-Year Curriculum

All first-year students are required to take foundational courses that are essential for their training as lawyers. During the fall semester, students take Civil Procedure, Contracts, and Torts. During the spring semester, students take Criminal Law, Constitutional Law, Legislation & Regulation, and Property.

First-year students take Lawyering Skills I and II, respectively, in the fall and spring semesters. Each of these courses introduces students to critical lawyering skills, including legal analysis, predictive and persuasive writing, research, counseling, negotiation, and oral advocacy.

First-Year Required Courses (31 semester hours)

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  • LAWE 590 Jurisprudence

    Units: 2

    Description
    Introduction to the field of jurisprudence, the academic discipline devoted to answering the fundamental question: What is law? We will explore the many ways that scholars have attempted to define law and legal systems against a series of related concepts, including morality, authority, power, politics, planning, rationality, coercion, obedience, and violence. Critiques the prevailing theories and attempts to construct the elements for an original definition of law through a series of short written assignments.
  • LAWE 592 Legal History Seminar
  • LAWE 599 Evidence

    Units: 4

    Description
    An introduction to the Federal Rules of Evidence. Concepts addressed include relevance, categorical rules of exclusion, character evidence, competency and credibility of witnesses, hearsay and its exceptions, privileges, authentication, and scientific evidence. May also address judicial notice and civil and criminal presumptions.
  • LAWE 600 Federal Income Taxation

    Units: 4

    Description
    Introduces students to the principles and policies of federal income taxation. Provides a framework for recognizing and dealing with tax issues and with tax-related strategies or transactions encountered in other legal practice specialties, including a basic understanding of the major theoretical and structural issues posed by an income tax, and the policy considerations involved in resolving those issues; a basic knowledge of the individual income tax treatment of various types of business and personal transactions and events (including taxation of compensation and fringe benefits, the taxation of various types of investment vehicles, debt-financed property transactions, installment sales, issues related to capitalization and cost recovery, timing issues, and selected issues regarding taxation of the family); the skills necessary to apply a complex statute; an understanding of the planning function provided by tax lawyers; the technical grounding necessary for further tax study or research.
  • LAWE 601 Pre-Trial Litigation Skills

    Units: 3

    Description
    Enhances understanding of critical pretrial tools and provides practical experience with using these tools. Course requires drafting a variety of pretrial documents that are frequently used in litigation, such as a complaint, and a pretrial motion. Also provides practice of such skills as interviewing clients and negotiating settlements. Focuses on the correct use of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure but relevant in state court litigation as well.
  • LAWE 602 Business Associations

    Units: 3-4

    Description
    Focuses on the law governing corporations, as well as the law of agency, partnerships, and limited liability companies. Discussion will include the choice of business form, distribution of power between mergers and owners, fiduciary duties of managers, shareholder voting, and the special problems of close corporations.
  • LAWE 603 Criminal Procedure: Investigation

    Units: 3-4

    Description
    Examines constitutional law in the criminal context, focusing on the Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, and Fourteenth Amendments. Topics explored include the selective incorporation doctrine, the exclusionary rule, the Fourth Amendment's protection against unreasonable searches and seizures, the Sixth Amendment right to counsel, and the Fifth and Sixth Amendment's application in the area of confessions and interrogation.
  • LAWE 604 Criminal Client Relationship

    Units: 2

    Description
    Designed to educate the student as to the importance of developing positive client relationships in order to fulfill their responsibilities as attorneys and counselors at law. Importance and methods of developing positive relationships with clients will be taught through a combination of lecture, demonstration, small group discussions of hypothetical situations, and participation in mock client interviews. Lectures will include ethical considerations as well as the requirements of the Standards of Practice for Indigent Defense Representation with respect to client communications and relationships. Special attention will be given to the challenges presented by clients with mental health issues and juvenile criminal defendants. The importance of developing and utilizing good interpersonal communication skills, both verbal and non-verbal, will be highlighted.
  • LAWE 605 Criminal Law and Psychiatry

    Units: 2

    Description
    Explores the intersections between criminal law and psychiatry/psychology. Discusses psychiatric diagnoses and the roles of mental health professionals within the criminal justice system, including `evaluator` and `expert.` Topics include competency to stand trial, the insanity defense, false confessions, mental health and drug courts, and sex offenses and offenders.
  • LAWE 606 Wills and Trusts I

    Units: 3-4

    Description
    Considers the transmission of property when an owner dies: laws of intestate distribution that are applied where there is no will; the use of wills , including rules of execution, change and interpretation; and the intention and use of trusts, with emphasis on the role of trusts in estate planning.
  • LAWE 607 Administrative Law

    Units: 2-3

    Description
    The common process by which the law produced by government agencies is produced and challenged. Study of the constitutional limits on bureaucratic power and structure and examination the most important sections of federal and state statutes that impose uniform procedures for the promulgation of regulations and the decision of cases before administrative tribunals. Specific examples from the work of agencies such as environmental protection agencies, industrial and professional licensing boards, labor relations boards, workers' compensation tribunals, and schools. Includes federal and state law. For their grades, students are invited to take a final examination or to produce case notes suitable for law review publication.
  • LAWE 610 Alternative Dispute Resolution

    Units: 2

    Description
    An exploration of the process of mediation as an alternative to litigation. Topics will include mediation history and theory, general conflict resolution techniques, specific mediation techniques, including identifying interests, reframing, building successes, dealing with emotions, caucusing, brainstorming, evaluating options and consequences, and reality testing. Skills in theses techniques will be developed through role-play. Other topics will include the role of mediators in drafting agreements, forms of agreements and mediator ethics. In addition, the role of attorneys as advocates and advocacy techniques will be covered. Limited to sixteen students.
  • LAWE 611 Real Estate Transfers and Finance

    Units: 2-3

    Description
    Surveys modern real estate transactions, such as condominiums, cooperatives, sales and leasebacks, leasehold mortgages, FHA and VA financing, tax consequences, title insurance, construction loan agreements, and shopping center leases.
  • LAWE 612 Agency And Partnership

    Units: 2

    Description
    Creation of agency relationships; contractual liability of principals (disclosed and undisclosed), agents and third parties; tort liability of principals; fiduciary duties of agents; partnership: creation, rights, and duties of partners, dissolution of partnerships; limited partnerships; limited liability companies (LLCs).
  • LAWE 613 Antitrust

    Units: 2-3

    Description
    Control of private economic power in the United States, focusing on the law regarding monopolies, mergers, and restrictive business practices as regulated by the Sherman and Clayton acts. Some attention to other federal antitrust legislation such as the Federal Trade Commission Act and state antitrust enforcement.
  • LAWE 615 Selected Topics in Virginia Law

    Units: 3

    Description
    Provides instruction in substantive law, thought processes, and writing and test-taking skills needed for success on the Virginia Bar Exam. The learning methodology will be iterative, consisting of substantive lectures and materials followed by extensive practice-testing and analysis. Students will complete weekly assignments and the course will include a midterm exam and a final exam.
  • LAWE 616 Children And The Law

    Units: 3

    Description
    Analysis of the legal relationships among children, families, and the state. Focus on how the law balances the rights and interests of children, their parents and caregivers, and the state under both the federal constitution and state law. Topics include the status, rights, and obligations of parents and children, and abuse and neglect of children, including the termination of parental rights. We will consider important and complex questions, for example, the appropriate balance between family autonomy and state regulation, and the effects of race, class, and gender on the legal rules in this area.
  • LAWE 617 Construction Law

    Units: 2

    Description
    Issues peculiar to construction projects from the perspective of the various participants, including developer, contractor, architect and lender and on dispute avoidance and resolution techniques. Includes negotiation and drafting of construction-related contracts.
  • LAWE 618 Payments in the 21st Century: How Money Moves

    Units: 2

    Description
    Law relating to negotiable instruments, bank deposits and collections, and electronic money transfers, with emphasis on Articles 3, 4, and 4A of the Uniform Commercial Code, the Expedited Funds Availability Act, and Regulation CC.
  • LAWE 619 Core Commercial Law Concepts

    Units: 2-3

    Description
    Explores the core concepts involved in (1) sales and leases of goods,(2) notes, checks, and electronic forms of payment, (3) credit transactions involving letters of credit and (4) credit transactions involving collateral other than real property. Emphasize principles rather than specific rules.
  • LAWE 620 Environmental Law

    Units: 3

    Description
    Explores how lawyers can contribute to environmental protection through litigation, regulation, and policy advocacy. From Supreme Court decisions to local issues such as water pollution in the James River, examines the interaction of Congress, federal agencies, the states, and the courts in making and enforcing environmental law. Explores the professional roles of environmental lawyers and the perspectives of your potential future clients (environmental groups, government agencies, and businesses). Course coverage includes U.S. climate change policy, the Clean Water Act, the Clean Air Act, the Endangered Species Act, and the Superfund statute. Course may include guest speakers and/or field trip.
  • LAWE 621 Conflict of Laws

    Units: 3

    Description
    Explores the law which applies to parties and transactions involving two or more states, or two or more nations. Emphasis on the variety of choice of law methodologies employed by American courts, including both traditional and modern approaches to choice of law. Also addresses such other issues raised by interstate and international transactions as recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments, long-arm jurisdiction, and constitutional limitations on choice of law decisions. Throughout the course, an attempt will be made to offer a comparative look at the way judicial systems of other nations deal with these issues. Assessment: The grade in this course will be based on one final examination, as well as class participation.
  • LAWE 622 The Constitution and the State Attorney General

    Units: 2-3

    Description
    Unique role and powers of State Attorneys General, with a focus on how the work of an Attorney Generals office relates to both the federal and State constitutions. Issues will include the origins of the office of Attorney General; the function and interpretation of State constitutions (with primary reference to the Constitution of Virginia), especially in relation to the U.S. Constitution; how Attorneys General advance and defend the rights of State residents and the constitutionality of State laws through litigation; and the increasing influence of cooperative multi-State efforts led by Attorneys General and the nationwide injunctions that result. Case studies to illuminate these issues will be taken from areas of significant public interest, such as immigration, health care, gun rights, equality, and redistricting.

    Prerequisite

    LAWR 503 with a minimum grade of D-

  • LAWE 623 Corporate Taxation

    Units: 2-3

    Description
    Introduction to the taxation of corporations and their shareholders, from formation of the corporation to liquidation. Builds on knowledge and skills acquired in the Federal Income Taxation course by examining the tax consequences of corporate events such as formation, capital contributions, distributions, redemptions, stock dividends, and liquidations. In addition, considers substance versus form questions in structuring corporate transactions, choice of business entity issues, the debt/equity distinction, tax shelters, and Congressional and administrative responses to taxpayer behavior. Class discussion focuses on problems designed to develop and test step-by-step understanding of corporate tax fundamentals. There is an examination at the end of the course.

    Prerequisite

    LAWE 600 with a minimum grade of D

  • LAWE 624 Core Legal Concepts
  • LAWE 625 Criminal Procedure: Adjudication

    Units: 3

    Description
    Federal and Virginia procedures at various stages of a criminal prosecution, including bail, preliminary hearings, indictments, discovery, speedy trial, double jeopardy, plea bargaining, jury selection, venue, and jurisdiction.
  • LAWE 626 Election Law

    Units: 2

    Description
    Seminar that will examine laws regulating the political process. Topics will include voting rights, reapportionment, the role of political parties and campaign finance.
  • LAWE 628 Employment Discrimination Law

    Units: 3

    Description
    Study of federal laws prohibiting workplace discrimination on the basis of race, color, sex, religion, national origin, age, and disability. The primary focus of the course will be on the theories of discrimination that have evolved under the various antidiscrimination laws. Also focuses on specific issues relating to particular types of discrimination such as sexual harassment, sexual orientation discrimination, retaliation and reasonable accommodation of religion and disability. Analyzes the policy underlying the laws and whether the laws are effectively achieving the statutory goal of eliminating workplace discrimination. Discusses the effective use of the federal rules of civil procedure in employment litigation. The grade will be based on a final examination and class participation.
  • LAWE 629 Employment Law

    Units: 3

    Description
    Analysis of statutory and common law regulation of the employment relationship, including employer testing and information gathering, wage and hour regulation, OSHA, workers compensation, wrongful discharge and other common law actions challenging discharge, unemployment compensation, and ERISA. Consideration of what role the law should play in various aspects of the employment relationship.
  • LAWE 631 Civil Litigation

    Units: 3-4

    Description
    Prepares students to (1) interview the client, (2) conduct informal fact investigation, (3) choose the proper forum, (4) draft, file and serve a complaint, (5) respond to a complaint with an answer or motion to dismiss, (6) seek or resist discovery, whether informally or through motion practice, (7) evaluate opportunities for summary judgment, (8) obtain post-judgment judicial relief in the trial court, (9) evaluate the prospects of reversal through appeal, and (10) collect money owed on judgments Also includes the law of preclusion, the law of remedies, and basic choice of law rules. The course strongly emphasizes the practical over the theoretical, and breadth of knowledge over depth of knowledge.
  • LAWE 632 Advanced Trial Practice

    Units: 3

    Description
    Refines and builds on the skills covered in Trial Practice or Lawyering Skills by using more complex civil and criminal problems and files developed by the National Institute for Trial Advocacy for training the more experienced trial advocate. Special emphasis will be placed on the development of a case theory and the choosing of an appropriate case theme for the more complex case. Covers use of demonstrative evidence, including photographs, charts, white boards, overheads, videos, and computer simulations. Enrollment limited. While both civil and criminal problems will be used in the class, special emphasis is placed upon civil litigation and trying a complex civil case.

    Prerequisite
    LAWR 598 with a minimum grade of D

  • LAWE 633 Estate And Gift Taxation

    Units: 2-3

    Description
    The nature of the estate, gift, and generation-skipping transfer taxes and deal with issues that arise in connection with these taxes, such as valuing assets, calculating the tax, determining when a gift is made, qualifying for the gift tax annual exclusion, and determining which assets are included in the decedent's gross estate. Emphasis will be on general concepts and not on technical details.
  • LAWE 634 Estate Planning

    Units: 2

    Description
    Examines a variety of estate planning topics, with an emphasis on those estate planning techniques that are most frequently used in practice today including drafting wills, drafting various types of trust agreements, basic provisions that go into most trusts, basic revocable trusts, complicated irrevocable trust instruments meant to control distributions, balance the provisioning of surviving spouses and other family members, and eliminate estate tax through the use of marital and charitable deductions. Explore other documents, such as power of attorney and medical directives, that form part of a comprehensive estate plan..
  • LAWE 635 Taxation of Partnerships and LLCs

    Units: 2-3

    Description
    Nature and formation of a partnership; taxation of partnership income; transactions between related parties; termination of partnership; sale of partnership interest; distribution by partnership; special basis adjustment; and distribution to retiring or deceased partners. Also includes treatment of pass-through entities.

    LAWE 600 with a minimum grade of D

  • LAWE 636 Federal Courts

    Units: 3

    Description
    Explores the federal courts in detail, paying special attention to the scope of their constitutional and statutory powers. Building on concepts of Constitutional Law and Civil Procedure, addresses topics such as the federal courts' power to declare constitutional meaning, Congress' power to control federal jurisdiction, the relationship between federal and state courts, and the current scope of federal jurisdiction (including topics such as justiciability, federal question jurisdiction, and state sovereign immunity). Also introduces students to federal law pertaining to civil rights and habeas corpus actions, both of which are frequently litigated in federal courts.
  • LAWE 637 Law of Educational Equity

    Units: 2

    Description
    Analyzes the current law and policy debates that are shaping elementary and secondary education in the United States. Focuses on systemic issues of educational opportunity, such as race and sex discrimination, school finance and school choice. Also explores the role of the government, particularly the courts, in American education. Although the course focuses on the legal and policy decisions that governments, school districts and students are confronting today, it also includes a historical perspective where necessary to inform our understanding of the current issues.
  • LAWE 638 Law and Literature

    Units: 2

    Description
    Explores the themes rule of law v. equity; law, justice, and morality; the role of narrative; and the role of the lawyer in counseling and advocating for a client by reading literary texts (that may include classic texts, modern texts, graphic novels, etc.) and viewing some films/film excerpts. Variety of genres furthers the exploration of effective communication techniques and the role of narrative in different forms. Classroom discussions are designed to explore justice and the law through fictional stories, challenging students to reflect upon their role as lawyers in our legal system.
  • LAWE 639 Public Policy Research and Drafting

    Units: 3

    Description
    Combines both advanced legal research and writing instruction with a client-based experience. Provides students with an opportunity to explore advanced legal research in the public policy field, develop their writing skills in the context of creating an issue paper, and engage in client relations with nonprofit organizations from the greater Richmond community.
  • LAWE 640 Legal Business Design Challenge
  • LAWE 641 Intellectual Property Fundamentals

    Units: 3

    Description
    Survey of intellectual property law, including copyright, trademark, patent and other subject matters. Serves as the foundation course for the specialist who wishes to pursue the Intellectual Property certificate, but also a good choice for the generalist who simply wants to learn the basics of intellectual property law.
  • LAWE 642 International Business Transactions

    Units: 2-3

    Description
    Problems in international trade and investment; regulation of international trade by national governments and international agencies. Emphasis on lawyer's role in counseling firms engaged in international activities.
  • LAWE 643 International Law

    Units: 3

    Description
    Basic principles, including sources of international law, settlement of international disputes, responsibilities and immunities of sovereign states, human rights, and the machinery of international law and justice.
  • LAWE 644 Labor Law

    Units: 3

    Description
    Analysis of origin and scope of National Labor Relations Act and role of the National Labor Relations Board and the courts in interpreting the statute. Focus on right of employees to organize unions, choice of bargaining representative, strikes and picketing, and negotiation and enforcement of collective bargaining agreement.
  • LAWE 645 Land Use Planning

    Units: 2-3

    Description
    Government control of use of land and eminent domain. Zoning, subdivision control, and urban redevelopment and planning.
  • LAWE 647 Cultural Property: Archaeology, Ethics, and Law

    Units: 3

    Description
    Who owns the past? This course explores current issues of archaeological ethics and cultural heritage management. Topics range from the ancient history of looting and appropriation to the illicit antiquities market and site preservation today, and how local and international property and tax laws affect collecting practices. Students will prepare class presentations and research papers to explore these legal and ethical issues through specific case studies, primarily from the Mediterranean region.
  • LAWE 650 Constitutional Jurisprudence

    Units: 2

    Description
    Systematic examination of the jurisprudential underpinnings of the Constitution and of constitutional law. Topics include the nature of positive law, constitutional originalism, common-law constitutionalism, normative theories of constitutional law, and general jurisprudence.
  • LAWE 651 Constitutional Law II: Individual Rights

    Units: 3

    Description
    An exploration of individual rights in the federal constitution, covering the speech, press, and free exercise rights in the First Amendment, the right to keep and bear arms in the Second Amendment, and the rights of equal protection and due process in the Fourteenth Amendment.
  • LAWE 652 Local Government Law

    Units: 2

    Description
    Focuses on legal issues in local government law with a practical approach. Covers a variety of topics that are relevant to local government law, except for education law and environmental law. Thorough research skills and the ability to identify and analyze legal issues are critical requirements in this course.
  • LAWE 653 Introduction to Business

    Units: 2

    Description
    Introduces students to basic business principles and then reinforces this knowledge through application to actual business settings. There are two parts to the course. Part I will be a series of online modules on the business disciplines of Accounting, Finance and Management, where student learning will be evaluated through online assessments. Part II will be five in-person class meetings during the week before the Spring semester, where each day will cover a different business case involving actual firms and the business disciplines of Accounting, Finance and Management. Student learning will be evaluated through a short write-up for each case, verbal participation during class, and a take-home project based on a comprehensive business case. After completing the course, students will have a greater ability to apply their business knowledge in actual business settings.
  • LAWE 654 Products Liability Law

    Units: 2-3

    Description
    Analyzes the affirmative cause of action for personal injuries caused by defective products, applicable defenses, and other relevant theoretical, policy and practical issues. Emphasis is on strict liability in tort under Section 402A of the Restatement of Torts and national developments; however, relevant Virginia developments will be assessed.
  • LAWE 655 Intellectual Property Law and Policy

    Units: 2-3

    Description
    Examines the legal and public policy considerations regarding intellectual property protection in various fields and industries. In particular, explores whether intellectual property protection and enforcement is beneficial and necessary for the creation, development, and commercialization of different ideas, expressions, and other intangibles.
  • LAWE 656 Remedies

    Units: 3

    Description
    Putting legal theory into the practical context of its ultimate remedy for the client, covers primarily equitable remedies Covers the equitable remedies of bills of peace, receiverships, injunctions to enforce contracts, injunctions to prevent torts, constructive trusts to prevent unjust enrichment, restitution, equitable defenses, contempt of court, etc and a broad range of general legal topics, including the remedies available for breach of contract, commission of torts, waste and nuisance to property, civil procedure (injunctions and contempt of court), etc. Looks at the broad areas of the law from the point of view of the remedy available to the litigant. Method of Assessment: The students argue each of the cases, and then there is class discussion. At the end of the course, each student will be required to write a 1,000 word essay on some topic of equity, and there will also be an examination.
  • LAWE 657 Expert Evidence

    Units: 2

    Description
    Technical and legal aspects of scientific aids in the trial of civil and criminal cases. Scientific experts participate as guest lecturers.

    Prerequisite

    LAWE 599 with a minimum grade of D

  • LAWE 658 Securities Regulation

    Units: 2-3

    Description
    Discussion of the theory of disclosure, examination of information that is important to investors (`material` in securities lingo), and investments that fall within the definition of a `security` under federal law. Considers, mandatory disclosure by public companies; antifraud statutes (some of which apply only to public companies and some to both public and private companies); Rule 10b-5 (complete with some insider trading law); the law governing public offerings of securities; the exemptions that permit a company to sell securities outside the elaborate registration process that governs public offerings; and the rules governing re-sales. Focuses exclusively on federal law and its variety (statutes, rules and regulations, court rulings, SEC staff bulletins, no action letters, comment letters, etc.). Also considers selected aspects of enforcement of the securities laws by the SEC, the federal criminal authorities, and private lawsuits. Attendance will be both recorded and required.

    Prerequisite

    LAWE 602 with a minimum grade of D-

  • LAWE 659 Law and Economics

    Units: 3

    Description
    Application of economic analysis to legal concepts. Using goals of efficiency and wealth maximization, shows how economic theory can unify property law, contract law, tort law, criminal law, and family/sex law, as well as offer new insights to old problems.
  • LAWE 660 Regulatory Law Practicum

    Units: 3

    Description
    Practice-oriented exposure to regulatory law and to legal careers working within and against government agencies. Assignments include client counseling, negotiating against the government, multi-stakeholder policy planning, writing and enforcing regulations, complaint drafting, and litigation settlement. Interactive class sessions will be devoted to problems drawn from environmental law, health, financial reform, and other areas. Grading will be based on writing assignments and in-class presentations. There is no final exam. Meets Law Skills IV requirement.
  • LAWE 662 Virginia Legal Research
  • LAWE 664 Virginia Procedure

    Units: 3

    Description
    Specialized course in Virginia civil procedure which covers the subject of procedure from the point of view of practice in the Virginia state courts. Covers every aspect of procedure from self-help, subject matter jurisdiction, active jurisdiction, service of process, venue, parties, pleading, discovery, pre-trial motions, motions at trial, post-verdict motions, judgments, costs, and appeals Taught by lecture and discussion.
  • LAWE 666 Energy Law

    Units: 3

    Description
    Focus on the laws and policies that govern the exploitation of energy resources and the production and distribution of electricity. Includes an introduction to the structure of energy law, and in particular its unique hybrid of three types of laws: (1) natural resources laws (laws regulating individual energy resources such as coal and oil); (2) public utility laws; and (3) environmental laws. Also focuses on the laws and policies that affect resources most important to the Mid-Atlantic region, particularly the laws governing coal, natural gas, and electricity. Further study of electricity restructuring (deregulation) and the ongoing Virginia and federal experience with it (including innovative use of market mechanisms) and global climate change and its relationship to energy industries. Course Requirements: Class discussion, possible in-class simulations and exercises, and either a final paper or a final examination at the end of the semester.
  • LAWE 667 Human Rights Seminar

    Units: 3

    Description
    A general introduction to international human rights. Issues covered include nature of concept of human rights; origin and development of the International Bill of Rights; thematic procedures available for protection of human rights in the United Nations; standards and methods for international fact finding on human rights; cultural relativity in human rights law; implementation of the International Covenants on Social, Economic and Cultural Rights in the United States; the Inter-American Human Rights Process; and the ability of the United States to impact human rights in Third-World countries
  • LAWE 669 Art of the Argument

    Units: 2-3

    Description
    Explores the rhetorical roots of argument, the five types of argument described by Wilson Huhn, and the psychology of persuasion. Using client hypotheticals based on labor and employment law, develops the skills needed to craft persuasive arguments in written and oral form. Students will write a persuasive brief and conduct oral argument.
  • LAWE 670 Interviewing And Counseling

    Units: 2

    Description
    In-depth analysis of pretrial lawyering skills using interdisciplinary materials. Explores interpersonal relationships, focusing on role of attorney in relation to client, the legal system (including other attorneys), and society. Classroom discussion and development of own skills through weekly audio- and video-taped simulations. Enrollment limited.
  • LAWE 671 Interviewing, Negotiation & Counseling

    Units: 4

    Description
    Analysis of the relationships between attorney and client, attorney and witness, and attorney and opposing counsel. Examine and practice interviewing skills and explore the role of the attorney as counselor. Theories of decision-making in the lawyer/client relationship and identifying client values. Negotiation theory and techniques for conducting a successful negotiation. Observe and practice interviewing, counseling, and negotiation.
  • LAWE 672 Negotiation

    Units: 2

    Description
    Introduction to the theory and practice of negotiations. Game theory, economic model bargaining, social-psychological theories and the problem-solving negotiation theory are each studied. Explores the different negotiation styles, techniques of preparation and information gathering, persuasion and the process of exchange in bargaining. Both dispute resolution and transactional negotiations are reviewed.
  • LAWE 674 Tax Policy Seminar

    Units: 2

    Description
    Designed for students generally interested in public policy issues as well as for those specializing in tax. Focuses on the policies and structures of a well designed tax system; examines the goals, politics, and history of tax reform; and provides an overview of the central policy issues raised by income-based and consumption-based tax systems.
  • LAWE 675 Sales And Leases

    Units: 2-3

    Description
    Articles 2 (Sales) and 2A (Leases) of the Uniform Commercial Code, including the structure and methodology of the Uniform Commercial Code, as it is reflected in Articles 2 and 2A, and the Code's relationship to, similarities with, and differences from the general law of contract, property and tort.
  • LAWE 676 First Amendment Law

    Units: 3

    Description
    Examines American constitutional law pertaining to religion, speech, and the media, including the law pertaining to aid for sectarian schools, prayer in public schools, conscientious objection, censorship, association, and access to trials and state secrets.
  • LAWE 677 Secured Transactions

    Units: 3

    Description
    An introduction to the law governing contractually created interests in personal property used to secure payment or performance of obligations. Study of the creation, perfection, priority and enforcement of security interests in personal property under Article 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code. Also includes an examination of relevant provisions of the Bankruptcy Code and some other state and federal statutes that affect security interests.
  • LAWE 679 Contract Drafting

    Units: 2

    Description
    In this Law Skills IV pilot course, Application of contract law principles to the drafting of contracts through weekly written exercises, drafting assignments, and negotiations. Techniques to draft clear and accurate contracts and to effectively review contracts drafted by others. Several exercises will include ethical considerations in contract drafting. Meets Lawyering Skills IV requirement.
  • LAWE 680 Health Law

    Units: 2-4

    Description
    Focuses on the federal and state laws and regulations applicable to the health care industry, with a particular focus on the regulation of health care providers. Topics covered include: laws regulating referral relationships between health care providers (e.g., the federal anti-kickback statute, the federal Ethics in Patient Referrals Act and the Virginia Practitioner Self-Referral Act); the federal False Claims Act and the false claims provisions of the Social Security Act; application of the antitrust laws to health care providers; licensure of health care providers; and, state certificate of need laws.
  • LAWE 683 Voting Rights

    Units: 3

    Description
    Traces the history of voting rights law in the United States, considers how the passage of various Amendments to the United States Constitution and the passage and reauthorizations of the Voting Rights Act of 1965 have affected how voting rights are defined and provided by states, analyzes how those laws have affected how states distribute political power through redistricting, and studies how the development of voting rights law will likely affect the future of voting rights in America.
  • LAWE 684 Start-Up Accelerator Practicum

    Units: 3

    Description
    Introduction to working with startup companies and entrepreneurs on issues of corporate governance and early-stage venture capital investments. Students will work with real companies at Lighthouse Labs, a start-up accelerator located in downtown Richmond. Students will work with the instructor to provide services like drafting operating agreements, term sheets, and documents relating to private equity investments. Also covers drafting and amending capitalization tables, calculating payments to owners and investors, and advising clients on the economic and practical implications of these transactions.

    Prerequisite

    LAWE 602 with a minimum grade of D-

  • LAWE 685 International Law Practicum

    Units: 3

    Description
    Legal research and analysis on cutting-edge, contemporary international law issues. Provide advice as requested by international organizations such as the United Nations and the World Bank. At the end of the semester, may present the outcome of the research projects to requesting parties in Washington, DC and/or New York.

    Prerequisite

    LAWE 643 with a minimum grade of D-

  • LAWE 686 Civil Rights Litigation

    Units: 2-3

    Description
    If a cop frisks you when he shouldn't, can you collect damages from him? If a public school requires prayer before every class, what can you do stop the constitutional violation? If you call 911 and the dispatcher fails to dispatch an officer, have your rights been violated? These and many other questions are addressed in this class, the ultimate goal of which is to provide students with the knowledge necessary to enforce constitutional rights through litigation. Includes (1) several commonly-litigated constitutional rights (such as abuse by a police or corrections officer), (2) the types of defendants that can be sued, (3) the common defenses, and (4) the nature and scope of the available remedies. Also provides the opportunity to assess the underlying causes of official misconduct, the limits of litigation as a civil rights enforcement tool, and whether alternate means of enforcement might be preferable.
  • LAWE 687 White Collar Crime Seminar

    Units: 3

    Description
    Study of what are generally considered to be business or organizational crimes. Topics to be explored may include: mail and wire fraud, conspiracy, public corruption, perjury (including false statements and false claims liability), money laundering, federal sentencing guidelines, the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act, grand jury practice and internal investigations.
  • LAWE 689 Corporate Finance

    Units: 2-3

    Description
    Topics covered include an analysis of corporate financial statements; security pricing; and other investment topics. No preliminary ability in finance is assumed and basic skills such as the time value of money are introduced. Microsoft Excel is utilized for most calculations.
  • LAWE 690 Sports and the Law

    Units: 2

    Description
    A survey course addressing legal issues presented by both professional and amateur sports in a variety of settings. Examines such issues as the legal concept of amateurism, the organization of amateur sports associations, and eligibility for participation as an amateur, especially in the context of intercollegiate athletics Also focuses on gender and disability discrimination issues, the organization of professional sports with the power of the commissioner and the organization of leagues. The application of antitrust law to amateur and professional sports will also be examined, along with issues presented by the representation of professional athletes and the enforcement of sports contracts. Criminal and tort liability issues presented by sports participation will also be discussed, along with workers compensation and drug testing issues.
  • LAWE 693 Law Of the European Community

    Units: 2

    Description
    (Offered only in Cambridge Summer Program). Surveys institutions of the EU and examines substantive principles of EU law and their integration into the legal systems of member countries.
  • LAWE 694 Comparative Pub Law Of Us & Uk

    Units: 2

    Description
    Introduces and compares several legal traditions, including the civil law, Islamic law and the legal systems of China and Japan. Emphasizing on the civil law tradition, examines shared legal roots in archaic/chtonic and Roman law and their distinct evolution in England, on the continent, and in Asia. Focusing on German law (contracts, tort, property and criminal law), introduces civil law methodology and logic as well as procedure. The final grade will mainly be based on a paper, which the student presents in class.
  • LAWE 697 The Death Penalty

    Units: 2

    Description
    Introduction to one of the most controversial criminal justice issues of our timethe death penalty. Historical examination of the forces that led to abolition of the death penalty in 1972 and reinstatement in 1976, ushering in the modern death penalty era. Survey of the most prominent issues associated with the death penalty, including its justifications, cost, constitutional regulation, execution methods, housing on death row, and claims of arbitrariness, disproportionate imposition on race and class grounds, inadequate capital defense, and potential for convicting the innocent. Considers the American death penalty from a global perspective to understand the movement toward worldwide abolition and why the United States is or is not a part of it.
  • LAWE 699 Selected Topics

    Units: 13

    Description
    .
  • LAWE 700 Entertainment Law

    Units: 2

    Description
    Issues of law and policy affecting the entertainment industry.
  • LAWE 702 Family Law Procedure

    Units: 2

    Description
    Specialized course in Virginia family law procedure concentrates on actual practice in the Juvenile and Domestic Relations District Courts of the Commonwealth of Virginia. Equips the JDR practitioner with the particular procedural aspects of jurisdiction, venue, parties, and appeals in criminal, child support, delinquency, abuse and neglect/foster care and custody cases. Taught by lecture, discussion and practical exercises.
  • LAWE 704 Bankruptcy and Corporate Reorganization

    Units: 2-4

    Description
    Explores what happens when a business or consumer defaults on debts. While most of the classes will deal with the Bankruptcy Code, we will also cover Virginia creditors rights law.
  • LAWE 705 Mergers and Acquisitions

    Units: 2-3

    Description
    Focuses on the law governing corporate mergers, acquisitions, recapitalizations, and proxy contests. Discussion will include transaction structure, purchase agreements, stockholder litigation, and relevant state and federal laws, with a primary focus on fiduciary duties in the context of buying and selling a business.

    Prerequisite

    LAWE 602 with a minimum grade of D

  • LAWE 706 The Role of the Lawyer in Mediation

    Units: 2

    Description
    Covers the role of the lawyer in mediation. Designed to provide students with skills necessary to effectively represent their client in the mediation process. Will explore differences between interest-based and positional negotiation. Stages of the mediation process and the role of the mediator will be reviewed. Additional areas that will be addressed include the attorney's ethical obligation to inform clients about dispute resolution options, factors that should be considered in assessing whether a case is appropriate for mediation, preparing for mediation, collaborative problem-solving, and effective strategies in representing clients in the mediation process. Students will engage in a series of mock mediations to develop their advocacy skills and will be introduced to various applications of mediation by the courts, state agencies and private entities.
  • LAWE 707 Family Law

    Units: 3

    Description
    Examines the legal rules governing family relationships and the policies and principles underlying them. Focuses on the following topics: who can marry; the rights, duties, and obligations of marriage; the state's interest in marriage; the dissolution of marriage; property distribution upon dissolution; the arrangements between divorced parents regarding the custody, support and visitation of children; and various jurisdictional issues relating to marriage, divorce, and custody. A central inquiry of the course will explore what a `family` is, and how the definition of `family` varies according to context, reflecting social values and policy goals. Also pays special attention to policy-based and theoretical questions about families, including how race, gender, and class affect the law's regulation of families, as well as the regulation of nontraditional families. Course materials will cut across multiple legal disciplines, such as constitutional law, criminal law, and contracts.
  • LAWE 709 Animal Law

    Units: 2

    Description
    Exploration of this emerging field of law with an emphasis on the latest cases, legislation and legal theory behind it. Areas of study include anti-cruelty; dogfighting; cockfighting; standing; wills and trusts benefitting animals; factory farming; The Endangered Species Act; non-economic damages for harm done to companion animals; and litigation over the treatment and welfare of animals. Classes will incorporate real world contributions from many of those people directly affected by animal law, including veterinarians, prosecutors, activists and lawyers.
  • LAWE 710 Intellectual Property Drafting

    Units: 2

    Description
    Will focus on developing and refining practical skills, including conducting intellectual property audits, filing domestic and Madrid Protocol applications with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, trademark examination rules and procedures, conducting opposition proceedings, copyright filings, franchising issues, developing and implementing trade secrets policies and programs for businesses, licensing, and ethics.

    Prerequisite

    LAWE 641 with a minimum grade of D-

  • LAWE 711 Workers Compensation

    Units: 2

    Description
    A practical survey of workers' compensation in Virginia. Focuses on providing a substantive overview of the law, combined with projects geared toward teaching students to handle actual workers' compensation cases, from the investigation and filing of a claim through hearing and appeal.
  • LAWE 715 The Prosecution Project

    Units: 2

    Description
    Policy clinic that is a unique collaboration between law students and professional prosecutors through a partnership with the Committee on Justice and Professionalism of the Virginia Association of Commonwealths Attorneys (VACA). Through readings and discussions with experienced prosecutors, judges, police, defense attorneys and others, students are introduced to the professional roles of prosecutors, to their ethical responsibilities, and to the challenges faced by modern prosecutors in seeking to do justice in a rapidly changing environment. Through research and analysis, students assist the VACA Committee in its efforts to study and address issues of importance to prosecutors and the public.
  • LAWE 717 Bioethics

    Units: 2-3

    Description
    Explores ethical and legal issues in healthcare. Among topics to be considered: distinctions, if any, between ethical and legal issues; philosophical models for analyzing bioethical issues, including deontological models (rules and rights), teleological models (utilitarian, economic), and principlism; informed consent and the autonomy versus utility debate; genetic engineering; organ transplantation; termination of life support; quality-of-life issues; beginning care and infants; cost issues, including how much to treat; and the cost of technology versus other societal values.
  • LAWE 718 Poverty Law Practicum

    Units: 1

    Description
    Explores the legal and policy responses to poverty in the United States and addresses how the law shapes the lives of poor people and communities. Special focus upon the Greater Richmond area, examining the extent of poverty, the root causes, and the historical development of social welfare policy. Focuses on the rights-based aspect of poverty law and various policies that attempt to ameliorate poverty.
  • LAWE 719 Selected Issues in Public International Law

    Units: 2

    Description
    (Offered only in Cambridge.) Consideration of various discrete issues of public international law, including statehood, boundaries, the law of war, jurisdiction and state responsibility, and their relation to municipal law.
  • LAWE 721 Corporate Governance

    Units: 2-3

    Description
    An overview of corporate governance today and the frauds that prompted the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (`SOX`), particularly WorldCom and Enron. Includes most of the major SOX reforms and related changes in stock exchange listing standards. Also treats selected topics such as CEO pay, activist investors (such as hedge funds), investments by sovereign foreign wealth funds, and the role of attorneys in corporate governance today. In addition, considers what the recent credit crisis tells us about corporate governance and addresses the increasing role of government as a direct investor in corporations and as a newly empowered regulator of decisions that boards of directors and CEOs used to make by themselves. Each student must prepare a paper, putting it through two drafts and producing a final that meets all upper level writing requirement criteria. Students take no exam.

    Prerequisite

    LAWE 602 with a minimum grade of D-

  • LAWE 722 Veteran's Law

    Units: 2

    Description
    Introduction to the administrative law of veterans benefits. Focus on the public policy behind veterans benefits, the practical aspects of filing disability compensation claims with the United States Department of Veterans Affairs, and appealing the denials of such claims. Analysis of current legislative efforts to reform the veterans benefits system.
  • LAWE 723 Collaborative Law

    Units: 2

    Description
    Provides history and development of the collaborative practice model. Will discuss principles of collaborative practice and its different steps, the legal implications of required and recommended practice, and the difference between interest-based and positional negotiation strategies. In addition, students will practice skills necessary for effective collaborative practice. Will also explore ethical issues involved.
  • LAWE 724 Professional Responsibility: Family Law

    Units: 2

    Description
    Delineates the ethical responsibilities of lawyers in family law cases. Issues related to the lawyer-client relationships: communication and confidentiality; conflicts of interests; controlling the case; ethical tactics; ethical negotiations; mediation; and other ethical duties of the family law practitioner are surveyed. Designed to encourage the study and elevate the standards of those who practice family law. There will be case studies and examples of issues that are presented to the practicing family lawyer on a day-to-day basis. The course will combine theory and practice as it relates to helping to guide the practicing lawyer through the maze of ethical issues that are constantly arising in the family law practice. This course is required for those students seeking the Certificate of Concentration in Family Law.

    Prerequisite

    LAWE 707 with a minimum grade of D

  • LAWE 726 Corporate Compliance

    Units: 2-3

    Description
    A rapidly growing and promising practice area, corporate compliance involves the design, implementation, and monitoring of corporate policies and procedures for reducing the risk of violations within a company. Studies the role of compliance officers within the corporate structure and examines a sampling of federal laws that create especially acute compliance challenges, such as anti-corruption, environmental, health care, and employment law. Students will interact with practicing lawyers and compliance professionals to help understand a company's compliance challenges in practical terms.
  • LAWE 727 American Legal Rhetoric and Writing
  • LAWE 728 Sentencing Law

    Units: 2-3

    Description
    Explores the theories of criminal punishment, the criminal sentencing process, and contemporary issues in sentencing. Topics include: the traditional justifications for criminal punishment--retribution, deterrence, incapacitation, and rehabilitation--and the shifting historical prominence of these justifications; the factors that influence punishment, such as the characteristics of the offense and the offender; the role of judicial, executive, and legislative branch actors in setting sentencing law and policy; and the implementation of the federal sentencing guidelines. Also explores systemic sentencing issues, such as racial disparities in the criminal justice system, and modern sentencing reform efforts.
  • LAWE 730 Spanish Legal Skills
  • LAWE 731 Corruption in International Sports I

    Units: 1-4

    Description
    Uses an ongoing an international sports competition to addresses several salient international anti-corruption issues, including bribery, money laundering, bank secrecy, tax evasion, etc.
  • LAWE 732 American Legal Culture for International Lawyers
  • LAWE 734 Professional Responsibility: Criminal Practice

    Units: 2

    Description
    Reviews some of the major ethical considerations that confront prosecutors and criminal defense attorneys, including ethical considerations surrounding the discovery process, ethical pleading principles, joint defense agreements, inadvertent disclosures, resolving disputes with clients regarding trial tactics, communicating with clients effectively, and setting and collecting fees. Students will examine these and similar questions by studying case opinions, selected secondary materials, and applicable ABA Model Rules of Professional responsibility, and by participating in weekly discussion.
  • LAWE 736 Captial Murder Litigation

    Units: 2

    Description
    Important issues arising in the trial of death penalty cases, including constitutional and statutory challenges, punishable offenses, mitigation, and jury selection.
  • LAWE 737 Corruption in International Sports II

    Units: 2-4

    Description
    Examines laws that prohibit the bribing of foreign government officials for business purposes, focusing principally on the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, but also examining the UK Bribery Act, the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention, and the UN Convention Against Corruption. Analyzes these laws from both a practice-oriented compliance perspective and a policy perspective.
  • LAWE 739 International Criminal Law and Transitional Justice

    Units: 3

    Description
    Examines international criminal law, first substantially (what are subjects, sources, crimes) and then procedurally (including at the ICC, ICTY, ICTR). In the second part of the course, we will focus on certain post-conflict situations (e.g. Rwanda, Iraq, Afghanistan) and analyze issues of transitional justice and application of international criminal law there.
  • LAWE 743 Restorative Justice

    Units: 2-3

    Description
    Methods for responding to conflict or crime in a collaborative manner that prioritizes healing, prevention, and community-based reconciliation. Considers the theory of restorative justice and explore restorative practices in various U.S. contexts including criminal justice (adult and juvenile), educational institutions, and community-based reconciliation in the wake of systematic injustice. Explores the emergent conception of `restorative lawyering` and inquires into the potential role of restorative principles throughout the practice of law. Meets upper-level writing requirement.
  • LAWE 744 Patent Law

    Units: 3

    Description
    Covers fundamental doctrines of patent law and is designed to serve as a basic course for those who wish to specialize in this field, as well as to provide a general background for a corporate or business practice. Topics will include eligible subject matter for patenting; conditions for patentability, including utility, novelty, non-obviousness, enablement, best mode, definiteness, and adequate written description; patent infringement; defenses; and remedies. Will study statutory aspects of patent law, as well as judicial interpretation by the Supreme Court and the Federal Circuit Court. Further, course will consider justifications for the patent monopoly. An engineering or science background is not required to take the course.
  • LAWE 745 D.C. Externship

    Units: 13

    Description
    Supervised externship (field placement) in a federal agency or nonprofit organization in Washington, DC and weekly seminar. Students must (1) work an average of 35 hours per week for 15 weeks at their field placement (500 hours total), (2) attend and actively participate in all weekly seminars, (3) complete the readings in the syllabus, and (4) complete all the written assignments described in the syllabus. Previous externship placements include the Federal Communications Commission, the Justice Department, the Department of Energy, the Securities and Exchange Commission, the Department of Education Office of Civil Rights, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, the Federal Labor Relations Authority, the DC Office of the Attorney General, and the National Network to End Domestic Violence. Graded pass/fail.

    This course requires special approval for registration; contact the professor for details.

  • LAWE 746 Externship: In-House

    Units: 5-7

    Description
    Students placed with national and international corporations. Focuses on topics related to the role of in-house counsel, substantive issues related to the work of in-house counsel, and professionalism issues. See the Director of Externships for more details.
  • LAWE 748 Advanced Legal Research
  • LAWE 749 Externship: Litigation

    Units: 5-7

    Description
    Placements that primarily involve litigation. The course focuses on the litigation process, trial techniques, and professionalism. See the Director of Externships for more details.
  • LAWE 750 Externship: Civil

    Units: 5-7

    Description
    Placements are available with non profit lawyers as well as local, state, and federal government lawyers working on civil law matters. Opportunities are offered in the areas of litigation, public policy, legislative advocacy, and regulatory law. Two-hour classroom component required. Graded pass/fail. See the Director of Externships for more details.
  • LAWE 751 Externship: Criminal

    Units: 5-7

    Description
    Placements with state and federal prosecutors and public defenders. Students must have completed the requirements for third year practice certification for all placements. Two-hour classroom component required. Graded pass/fail. See the Director of Externships for more details.
  • LAWE 752 Externship: Judicial

    Units: 5-7

    Description
    Placements are offered in the chambers of both state and federal judges. Students assume the role of a law clerk. Opportunities are available at both the trial and appellate levels. Two-hour classroom component required. Graded pass/fail. See the Director of Externships for more details.
  • LAWE 753 Children's Defense Clinic

    Units: 6

    Description
    Students advocate on behalf of children appearing before area juvenile courts. In the majority of cases, students serve as defense counsel for youth accused of delinquency (criminal) offenses. Students are also occasionally assigned to work on other cases which involve children's issues such as abuse and neglect or custody.
  • LAWE 754 Crimmigration

    Units: 2-3

    Description
    Addresses the legal and policy issues that arise at the intersection of immigration law, criminal law, and criminal procedure. Explores how individuals perceived to have violated a criminal offense are treated in the immigration law system, how individuals thought not to be citizens of the United States are uniquely affected by criminal procedure norms and substantive criminal law, and how states and the federal government have sought to police criminal activity by noncitizens. Analysis of constitutional, statutory, and regulatory provisions concerning immigration and the procedural and substantive requirements concerning criminal proceedings as they affect noncitizens.
  • LAWE 756 International Business Practice

    Units: 4

    Description
    A hands-on opportunity to develop strategies for Virginia companies seeking to expand their businesses in foreign markets. Students meet with a Virginia business client to define the scope of their project, identify legal issues, research foreign and domestic laws, develop legal strategies, and then present their findings to the clients executives and senior management. Law students team with MBA students from a participating business school to prepare international business plans and then co-present their work to the client. The teams prepare and deliver comprehensive presentations of their strategies and the legal issues they have identified as the cap stone to their work
  • LAWE 758 Immigration Law

    Units: 2

    Description
    Explores the statutory and policy aspects and underpinnings of immigration law, including immigrant and nonimmigrant classifications, admission and exclusion issues, immigration compliance and immigration reform.
  • LAWE 760 Housing Law

    Units: 2-3

    Description
    Explore the law and policy of housing. Considers the housing market in the United States, both for renters and for homeowners. Topics may include housing affordability, inclusionary/exclusionary zoning, the subprime mortgage crisis, government programs, and housing discrimination.
  • LAWE 761 Business Litigation Practicum

    Units: 3

    Description
    Litigation-oriented course focusing on analytical and drafting skills within the context of a complex corporate fraud case. Analysis of an actual corporate fraud lawsuit through the lens of various substantive and procedural rules, including pleading requirements, causation, damages, class certification, discovery, and settlement. Focuses on application of legal rules and legal strategy, rather than simply legal doctrine, although doctrines from the federal securities laws, state corporate law, civil procedure, federal jurisdiction, and other areas of the law will be discussed. Requirements also include drafting a complaint and motion to dismiss. Grading will be based on weekly drafting assignments, as well as the drafting of the complaint and motion to dismiss.
  • LAWE 762 Medical Malpractice

    Units: 2

    Description
    Liability of physician for injuries arising out of the physician patient relationship. Includes coverage of standard of care, causation, informed consent, intentional torts, and recoverable damages.
  • LAWE 763 Housing Law Practicum

    Units: 1

    Description
    Experiential course available to a limited number of students enrolled in housing law course. Application of the legal principles in housing law. Minimum of 30 hours of client work assisting clients with housing matters. Placement with either Housing Opportunities Made Equal of Virginia (HOME) or the Virginia Poverty Law Center (VPLC) under the supervision of an experienced attorney to serve low-income residents who are experiencing housing problems.
  • LAWE 765 Race, Religion and the Law

    Units: 3

    Description
    Focuses on the intersection of race and religion, and their impact on the law as expressed in American judicial decisions. To facilitate this inquiry, the course furnishes historical background regarding the evolution of the concept of race in western societies, especially Europe and the United States. Also addresses how religious traditions, notably Christianity, have impacted the understanding of race.
  • LAWE 766 Aging and Disability Law Practicum

    Units: 4

    Description
    Study of the law that impacts the elderly. Application of knowledge by giving legal advice to elderly clients through a medical-legal partnership with the VCU Health System. Topics include public benefit programs, the aging network, health care decision making, housing, guardianship, asset management, wills, planning for disability, and elder abuse. Client advising will include powers of attorney, living wills, simple estate planning, guardianship, long-term care, and grandparenting issues.
  • LAWE 768 Trademark Law

    Units: 3

    Description
    Will cover federal and common-law trademark law, trade secrets, and unfair competition. Within the unfair competition section, topics will include interference with contractual relations, trade libel, unfair competition under the Lanham Act, publicity rights, and consumer protection. Will also examine public policies and economic considerations underlying these rules that govern competition within the marketplace. In addition to these basic topics, will cover areas of current interest, such as the application of traditional principles to non traditional media, i.e. the Internet.
  • LAWE 770 Wrongful Conviction Seminar

    Units: 2-3

    Description
    A topical introductory course addressing the causes of wrongful convictions. The readings are multi-disciplinary and heavily drawn from law review articles. Class participation is an important piece. The class has several guest speakers who address public policy issues in the area of wrongful convictions. Those who take this course have priority for the spring clinic, but students not planning on the clinic are also encouraged to enroll. There is no final exam.
  • LAWE 771 Non-Profit Organizations

    Units: 3

    Description
    Examines the nature, formation, governance and operation of nonprofit organizations. Topics include the law governing nonprofits; the skills necessary to create, operate, and advocate for nonprofit organizations; determining the legal form of the organization; tax exempt status; fundraising (charitable giving, solicitations, legal regulation of such activities); duties and responsibilities of the board of directors; liability of nonprofit organizations; and ethical issues for nonprofits. The class is designed for both law students and business students. Guest speakers from area nonprofits will supplement the readings and discussion. Readings will include case studies, as well as cases and articles from legal and business sources. A field trip to a nonprofit organization may be taken. Class project involves a case study of a nonprofit, advising the nonprofit organization on legal and business issues and where appropriate, assisting the nonprofit in organizing, establishing organizational and operational documents, filing for tax exempt status, and/or creating operational policies. The final grade will be based on class participation, written responses to case studies, and the students' work on the class projects.
  • LAWE 772 Advanced Clinical Practice: Intellectual Property

    Units: 1-6

    Description
    With faculty permission, students who have completed a clinical experience in Intellectual Property may enroll for advanced clinical work in the same field for between two and six credits. Advanced students will take leadership roles in clinic matters and complete a significant project over the course of the semester.

    Prerequisite

    LAWE 790 with a minimum grade of D-

  • LAWE 774 Wrongful Conviction Clinic

    Units: 2

    Description
    With supervision from the director of the Institute of Actual Innocence, students will screen, investigate and, when possible, help prepare cases for post-conviction litigation under Virginia's Writs of Actual Innocence. Litigation work is only possible when a case has matured to that level. Students will work in teams. The cases selected for investigation and litigation are those where there is substantial evidence of innocence. Prerequisite: First priority for enrollment goes to students who have completed the Wrongful Conviction Seminar (770). Students who have not completed the seminar must obtain approval to enroll in the clinic.
  • LAWE 775 Advanced Clinical Practice: Wrongful Convictions

    Units: 1-6

    Description
    With faculty permission, students who have completed a clinical experience in the Wrongful Conviction Clinic may enroll for advanced clinical work in the same field for between two and six credits. Advanced students will take leadership roles in clinic matters and complete a significant project over the course of the semester.
  • LAWE 776 Advanced Clinical Practice: Children's Defense

    Units: 1-6

    Description
    With faculty permission, students who have completed a clinical experience in the Childrens Defense Clinic enroll for advanced clinical work in the same field for between two and six credits. Advanced students will take leadership roles in clinic matters and complete a significant project over the course of the semester.

    Prerequisite

    LAWE 753 with a minimum grade of D-

  • LAWE 777 Advanced Clinical Practice: Family Law

    Units: 1-6

    Description
    With faculty permission, students who have completed a clinical experience in Family Law already may enroll for advanced clinical work in the same field for between two and six credits. Advanced students will take leadership roles in clinic matters and complete a significant project over the course of the semester.

    Prerequisite

    LAWE 778 with a minimum grade of D-

  • LAWE 778 Family Law Clinic

    Units: 3-6

    Description
    Working under the supervision of the clinic director, students will represent low-income clients in the City of Richmond on family law-related matters in a multi-disciplinary collaboration with faculty-supervised graduate students from Virginia Commonwealth University's School of Social Work and Department of Psychology. This is a two-semester clinic. Students will enroll for four credits in the fall semester and continue for three credits in the spring semester.
  • LAWE 779 London Externship Program

    Units: 1-4

    Description
    Placements are available with law firms/chambers; government related agencies and organizations, such as the House of Commons and Crown Prosecution Services; law societies; citizens' advice bureaus; royal courts; property management and development firms, financial institutions; and the legal departments of media and entertainment firms. Two-hour weekly classroom component required. Graded pass/fail. See director of Clinical Placement Program for more details.
  • LAWE 780 Research Assistant

    Units: 1-4

    Description
    Students may assist professors on the full-time faculty in their scholarly research efforts, either for pay (under the University Work Study Program), or for academic credit, though not for both at the same time. Students may earn up to four hours of academic credit toward their degree requirements by serving as unpaid research assistants. The credit hours may be pass/fail or graded, at the option of the student, and with the permission of the professor. Graded credit hours require a written work product by the student that will enable the professor to determine an appropriate grade. To receive academic credit, the student must work an average of four hours per week throughout the semester, for each hour of academic credit earned. Registration is with permission of the professor and the dean's office. Limit of four semester hours total.
  • LAWE 781 Immigration Rights Practicum

    Units: 2

    Description
    Hands-on experience in immigration law through a combination of doctrinal teaching and representation of actual clients in immigration court. Analysis of and response to an immigration consultation, effective representation of clients in removal proceedings, understanding issues at the intersection of federal immigration law and local law enforcement, and protection of the constitutional rights of immigrants. No third-year practice certificate is required.
  • LAWE 783 Criminal Trial Advocacy

    Units: 3

    Description
    Advanced trial techniques and evidentiary issues in criminal practice. Oral motions, opening statements, direct examinations, cross examinations, introductions of physical evidence, closing arguments, and anticipated objections to evidence. The classroom component requires students to practice evidentiary and trial skillsweekly. Three to six members of the class will be competitively selected to compete in the John L. Costello National Criminal Law Trial Advocacy Competition in the spring, for which they will receive one additional pass/fail credit.
  • LAWE 785 Domestic Violence Seminar

    Units: 2-3

    Description
    Explores the dynamics of domestic violence, its impact on families, and how our justice system responds to protect and punish those involved. Topics surveyed include mandatory arrest policies, victimless prosecutions, civil protective orders, and community-based services for domestic violence offenders.
  • LAWE 786 Advanced Legal Analysis and Writing
  • LAWE 788 Copyright Law
  • LAWE 790 Intellectual Property and Transactions Clinic

    Units: 6

    Description
    Students represent for-profit and not-for-profit organizations, as well as artists, authors and inventors from a variety of backgrounds. Students will help business startup clients by engaging in business formation counseling and by preparing and filing charter documents. Students provide legal services to established clients, such as negotiating and drafting contracts, providing corporate legal services and analysis, and facilitating strategic decision-making. Students help clients acquire and license a variety of intellectual property rights.
  • LAWE 793 Trial Competition

    Units: 1

    Description
    Students in this class are selected by the instructors to prepare for and participate in an interscholastic trial competition. Graded pass/fail.
  • LAWE 796 Independent Study

    Units: 1-3

    Description
    Independent research on approved selected topics. Topic must be approved in writing prior to registration by the associate dean and by the instructor under whose supervision the research is conducted. Limit of three semester hours total for independent research projects.
  • LAWR 503 Constitutional Law

    Units: 4

    Description
    An introduction to the law of the United States Constitution and to the legal dynamics of constitutional drafting and interpreting. Separation of powers, federalism, economic and social regulation, privileges, and immunities of U.S. citizenship, and the federal civil rights to equal protection and due process are examined from doctrinal and historical perspectives.
  • LAWR 506 Criminal Law

    Units: 3

    Description
    Sources of criminal law; constitutional limitations on power to create and define crimes; elements of crimes; conduct, mental state, causation; specific offenses, including homicides, sex offenses, larceny and other property offenses; defenses of mistakes, infancy, compulsion, intoxication, insanity; attempt; solicitation; conspiracy; accessoryship.
  • LAWR 513 Contracts

    Units: 4

    Description
    Basic elements of contract law. Stress on the agreement process, i.e., offer and acceptance, consideration, and substitutes for consideration. Avoidance of contractual obligations, conditions, performance, and breach of contracts are examined, as are discharge of contractual duties and remedies. Third-party beneficiaries, assignments, and illegal contracts may be examined. The Uniform Commercial Code and the Restatement are emphasized throughout.
  • LAWR 514 Torts

    Units: 4

    Description
    Liability for personal injuries and injuries to property. Includes analysis of various intentional tort theories, the concepts of negligence and strict liability, and the privileges and defenses which may apply to actions brought in tort. May include treatment of one or more special or emerging areas such as product liability, misrepresentation, privacy, defamation, misuse of legal procedures, or interference with advantageous relationships.
  • LAWR 515 Civil Procedure

    Units: 4

    Description
    Introduction, with emphasis on federal law, to rules governing jurisdiction, venue, service of process, pleadings, joinder, discovery, summary adjudication, trial, judgments, direct and collateral attack on judgments, appellate procedure, and choice of law in civil litigation.
  • LAWR 516 Property

    Units: 2

    Description
    Introduction to property laws, with emphasis on the concepts of title and possession of personal and real property; finders and bailments; rights and remedies of the possessor; donative transactions; rights of the bona fide purchaser; historical background of real property law; estates in land; concurrent ownership; conveyancing and future interests after the Statute of Uses; Statute of Frauds; contracts, deeds, and mortgages in the sale of land; recordation and title examination; covenants, easements, and licenses in the use of land.
  • LAWR 517 Legal Analysis and Writing I
  • LAWR 518 Legal Analysis and Writing II
  • LAWR 519 Legislation and Regulation

    Units: 3

    Description
    Legislation and Regulation provides an introduction to public lawmaking in the modern administrative state. It examines the way Congress and administrative agencies adopt binding rules of law (statutes and regulations, respectively) and the way implementing institutions--courts and administrative agencies--interpret and apply these laws. It considers, in particular, the justifications for modern regulation, the structure of the modern administrative state, the incentives that influence the behavior of the various actors, and the legal rules that help to structure the relationships among Congress, the agencies, and the courts.
  • LAWR 520 Legal Research I
  • LAWR 521 Legal Research II
  • LAWR 522 Professional Identity Formation I

    Units: 0

    Description
    Introduces students to competencies, guiding principles, and practices considered foundational to effective, ethical, and meaningful legal practice.
  • LAWR 523 Professional Identity Formation II

    Units: 1

    Description
    Introduces students to competencies, guiding principles, and practices considered foundational to effective, ethical, and meaningful legal practice.
  • LAWR 598 Trial Advocacy

    Units: 2

    Description
    Introduces second-year students to essential lawyering skills of trial and appellate advocacy. Lawyering Skills III & Appellate Advocacy must be taken during the second year.
  • LAWR 599 Appellate Advocacy

    Units: 2

    Description
    Introduces second-year students to essential lawyering skills of trial and appellate advocacy. Lawyering Skills III & Appellate Advocacy must be taken during the second year. Meets Lawyering Skills IV requirement.
  • LAWR 605 Professional Responsibility

    Units: 2-3

    Description
    Ethical standards of the legal profession, including judicial ethics and unauthorized practice.