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 Rebecca  Crootof
Rebecca Crootof
Assistant Professor of Law
Courses Taught Torts Technology Law Technological Threats: War, National Security, and New Technologies Torts and New Technologies

Rebecca Crootof is an Assistant Professor of Law. Dr. Crootof's primary areas of research include technology law, international law, and torts; her written work explores questions stemming from the iterative relationship between law and technology, often in light of social changes sparked by increasingly autonomous systems, artificial intelligence, cyberspace, robotics, and the Internet of Things. She is interested in the various ways both domestic and international legal regimes respond to and shape technological development, particularly in the armed conflict context.

Dr. Crootof earned a B.A. cum laude in English with a minor in Mathematics at Pomona College; a J.D. at Yale Law School; and a PhD at Yale Law School, where she graduated in the first class of PhDs in law awarded in the United States. Her dissertation, Keeping Pace: New Technology and the Evolution of International Law, discusses how technology fosters change in the international legal order, both by creating a need for new regulations and by altering how sources of international governance develop and interact. She has published with the Cornell Law Review, the Duke Law Review, the Pennsylvania Law Review, the Harvard National Security Journal, the Yale Journal of International Law, and the Yale Law Journal; and written for Slate, Lawfare, and Just Security.

Dr. Crootof served as a law clerk for the late Judge Mark R. Kravitz of the U.S. District Court for the District of Connecticut and for Judge John M. Walker, Jr. of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. She consults for the Institute for Defense Analyses and is a member of the New York Bar, the Equal Rights Center's Board of Directors, the Center for New American Security's Task Force on Artificial Intelligence and National Security, and the Permanent Mission of the Principality of Liechtenstein to the United Nations' Council of Advisers on the Application of the Rome Statute to Cyberwarfare.

She enjoys skiing, hiking, and reading science fiction "for work."

Guest Lecturer, "New Technologies and the Law of Armed Conflict," International Law, International Arbitration, University of Richmond School of Law (Nov. 2019).
Guest Lecturer, "Killer Robots Today," AI & the Law: Science Fact and Science Fiction, University of Michigan Law School (Nov. 2019).
Panelist, "Human Dignity, Agency & Algorithmic Bias,” Fordham Intellectual Property, Media & Entertainment Law Journal Symposium, Fordham Law School (Oct. 2019).
Presenter, “War Torts: Accountability for Autonomous Weapons,” Digital Civil Rights and Civil Liberties Colloquium Series, Fordham Law School (Oct. 2019).
Panelist, “State and Local Privacy – Bans and Regulation,” The Near Future of U.S. Privacy Law Conference, University of Colorado Law School (Sept. 2019).
Panelist, "2019: A Computer Odyssey," American Constitution Society National Convention, American Constitution Society, Washington D.C. (June 2019).
Participant, "Artificial Intelligence and International Stability Workshop," Center for New American Security, Washington D.C. (June 2019).
Moderator, "Trusting Process?," (Im)Perfect Enforcement Conference, Information Society Project, Yale Law School (April 2019).
Commentator, Tim Wu's "Law's End?," Common Law for the Age of AI, Columbia Law Review Symposium, Columbia Law School (April 2019).
Panelist, "Emerging Technology," American Society of Internal Law (ASIL) Annual Meeting, American Society of Internal Law (March 2019).
Presenter, "Legally Disruptive Technologies," Law and Technology Workshop, University of Connecticut School of Law (March 2019).
Moderator, "Criminal Prosecutions, Bridging the Divide: How the Public and Private Sectors Can Address the Cyber Threat Together," Yale Cyber Leadership Forum, Yale University (Feb. 2019).
Panelist, "Ethics and Governance of Artificial Intelligence," Artificial Intelligence, Robotics, and the Reprogramming of Law, Center for Neuroscience and Law, Fordham Law School (Feb. 2019).
Panelist, “Data Integrity: Personal Privacy, Cybersecurity, and Highways Safety,” The Market for Regulation in the Internet of Things, Hoover Institution Working Group on Intellectual Property, Innovation, and Prosperity, Stanford University (Jan. 2019).
Participant, "AI Ethics Roundtable," Defense Innovation Board, Harvard Kennedy School, Cambridge, Massachusetts (Jan. 2019).
Permanent Mission of the Principality of Liechtenstein to the United Nations, Council of Advisers on the Application of the Rome Statute to Cyberwarfare, 2019-present
Journal of National Security Law and Policy, Editorial Board, 2019-present
Center for a New American Security, Task Force on AI and National Security, 2018-present
Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research, Associate Editor on AI and Law, 2017-present
Equal Rights Center, Board of Directors, 2016-present
Pomona College, Alumni Admissions Volunteer, 2003-present
American Society of International Law, Annual Meeting Program Committee, 2016-17
Bar Admissions
New York
Professional Experience
Assistant Professor (2019-present)
University of Richmond School of Law, Richmond, VA
Affiliate Fellow (2019-Present)
Information Society Project, Yale Law School, New Haven, CT
Legal and Ethical Consultant (2018-Present)
Institute for Defense Analyses, Joint Advanced Warfighting Division, Alexandria, VA
Research Scholar and Lecturer in Law (2016-2019)
Yale Law School, New Haven, CT
Executive Director (2016-2019)
Information Society Project, Yale Law School, New Haven, CT
Part Time Acting Instructor (2015-2016)
Yale Law School, New Haven, CT
Clerk to Hon. John M. Walker, Jr. (2012-2013)
U.S. Court of Appeals, Second Circuit, New Haven, CT
Clerk to Hon. Mark Kravitz (2011-2012)
U.S. District Court, District of Connecticut, New Haven, CT

Regulating New Weapons Technology, in The Impact of Emerging Technologies on the Law of Armed Conflict (Eric Talbot Jensen & Ronald T.P. Alcala, eds.) ( Oxford University Press 2019).

Jurisprudential Space Junk: Treaties and New Technology, in Resolving Conflicts in the Law: Essays in Honour of Lea Brilmayer 106 (with Chiara Giorgetti & Natalie Klein) (2019).

Ph.D., Yale University 2016
J.D., Yale Law School 2011
B.A., Pomona College 2003
English, minor in Mathematics
Contact Information
Room 222, Law School
(804) 662-3048
Areas of Expertise
Public International Law
International Humanitarian Law